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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://ir.cnu.edu.tw/handle/310902800/32631

    標題: Association between neurodegenerative diseases and pneumonia: a retrospective population-based study
    作者: Yeh, Jun-Jun(葉俊濬)
    Lin, Cheng-Li
    Hsu, Chung Y.
    Shae, Zon-Yin
    Kao, Chia-Hung
    貢獻者: Chia Yi Christian Hosp, Ditmanson Med Fdn
    Chia Nan Univ Pharm & Sci
    Meiho Univ
    China Med Univ
    China Med Univ Hosp, Management Off Hlth Data
    China Med Univ, Coll Med
    China Med Univ, Coll Med, Grad Inst Biomed Sci
    Asia Univ, Dept Comp Sci & Informat Engn
    China Med Univ Hosp, Dept Nucl Med
    China Med Univ Hosp, PET Ctr
    Asia Univ, Dept Bioinformat & Med Engn
    關鍵字: Pneumonia
    neurodegenerative diseases
    population-based study
    日期: 2019-06
    上傳時間: 2020-07-29 13:52:56 (UTC+8)
    摘要: Purpose: The association between pneumonia and neurodegenerative diseases (NDs) has never been reported in detail. We address this relationship with reference to the general population. Methods: Using Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database to identify a pneumonia cohort (including the typical and atypical), we established an ND cohort of 19,062 patients and a non-ND cohort of 76,227 people. In both cohorts, the risk of pneumonia was measured using multivariable Cox proportional hazards models. Results: The adjusted hazard ratio (aHR) (95% confidence interval [CI]) for the pneumonia cohort was 2.10 (1.96-2.24), regardless of age, sex, comorbidities or drug use in the ND cohort. The aHR (95% CI) for adults aged 20-49 years was 2.08 (1.58-2.75), men 2.20 (2.01-2.40). However, older subjects were at greatest risk of pneumonia, (3.41 [2.99-3.88]) if the 20-49 years age group is used as the reference. For the ND and non-ND cohorts, those with comorbidities (with the exception of hyperlipidemia) had higher risk; aHR (95% CI) 2.35 (2.30-2.52). The aHR (95% CI) for those without comorbidities is 3.28 (2.52-4.26). No significant difference was observed in incidence of pneumonia between those who were and were not using statin medications; the aHR (95% CI) was 1.03 (0.93-1.14). Conclusion: The ND cohort had a higher risk of pneumonia, regardless of age, sex, comorbidities or statin use. The risk of pneumonia was higher in elderly and male patients in the ND cohort.
    關聯: Current Medical Research and Opinion, v.35, n.6, pp.1033-1039
    Appears in Collections:[嬰幼兒保育系] 期刊論文

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