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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://ir.cnu.edu.tw/handle/310902800/34372

    標題: Socio-Economic Status May Associate Different Risk(s) with Early Childhood Caries (ECC) That Can Cause the Development of Psychomotor Deficiency in Preschool Children Aged 3-6 Years Old: The Results of Preliminary Analysis from a Cohort Study
    作者: Teng, Andy Yen-Tung
    Liang, Chen-Yi
    Liu, Yen Chun Grace
    貢獻者: Kaohsiung Med Univ KMU, Coll Dent Med, Ctr Osteoimmunol & Biotechnol Res COBR, Sch Dent
    KMU Hosp
    Univ Rochester, Sch Med & Dent, Eastman Inst Oral Hlth EIOH, Div Periodontol,Lab Mol Microbial Immun, Rochester
    Chia Nan Univ Pharm & Sci, Dept Childhood Educ & Nursery
    Kaohsiung Med Univ, Coll Dent Med, Ctr Osteoimmunol & Biotechnol Res, Dept Oral Hyg
    關鍵字: socio-economic status (SES)
    early childhood caries (ECC) and dmft
    development and CCDI
    preschool kindergartners
    longitudinal cohort
    日期: 2021
    上傳時間: 2023-11-11 11:47:59 (UTC+8)
    出版者: MDPI
    摘要: Background: We have recently shown that there is a positive correlation between severe caries and developing psychomotor deficiency in preschool children. To fully re-assess such a relationship, we embarked on a 3-year longitudinal follow-up study of kindergarteners, where we aimed to: (i) confirm whether early childhood caries is causally related to the development of psychomotor deficiency as proposed, and (ii) address any significant role or contribution of socio-economic status associated with caries-psychomotor interactions in the preschooler family cohorts studied, over time. Methods: A longitudinal study was designed where the total sum of 159 kindergarteners aged 3-6 from the central and southern regions of Taiwan were randomly selected and recruited for clinical examination of caries, together with questionnaires for personal, demographic and dietary information, socio-economic status, and the children's psychomotor development scales which were collected and analyzed over time. Student's t test, chi-squared test, correlation coefficients, and multiple linear regression analysis with R-2 determinants were employed to assess any attributable differences (of 0 similar to 1) between SES vs. psychomotor manifests and caries measured among all variables computed. Results: The results of our preliminary analyses show that: (i) there was likely a causal relationship between caries activities and aspects of general development scale via the Chinese Child Development Inventory over time (4.01 +/- 3.47 vs. 5.88 +/- 2.58, respectively) in the 3-6-year-old preschoolers, and (ii) there was significantly more attributable influence (via higher R-squared values) from SES and psychomotor manifests than that of caries and the Chinese Child Development Inventory counterparts, as detected over time. Conclusion: Collectively, the resulting analyses support our previous findings and confirm that there is likely a causal relationship between severe caries and psychomotor deficiency in growing preschoolers; the resulting analyses revealed that such causally related interactions may be attributably explainable by a content-reliant association via socio-economic status analyzed in the kindergartener family cohorts studied. Thus, the socio-economic status or its constituents/factors will have a much broader influence not only associated with developing early childhood caries (a biologic trait), but also for psychomotor deficiency (a social trait) in vulnerable children at risk.
    關聯: INT J ENV RES PUB HE, v.18, n.17, pp.9011
    Appears in Collections:[嬰幼兒保育系] 期刊論文

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