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    標題: Subcutaneous brompheniramine for cutaneous analgesia in rats
    作者: Chiu, Chong-Chi
    Jen-Yin Chen(陳貞吟)
    Chen, Yu-Wen
    Wang, Jhi-Joung
    Hung, Ching-Hsia
    貢獻者: Chi Mei Med Ctr, Dept Gen Surg
    Chi Mei Med Ctr, Dept Gen Surg
    Southern Taiwan Univ Sci & Technol, Dept Elect Engn
    Chi Mei Med Ctr, Dept Anesthesiol
    Chia Nan Univ Pharm & Sci, Dept Senior Citizen Serv Management
    Chi Mei Med Ctr, Dept Med Res
    China Med Univ, Coll Hlth Care, Dept Phys Therapy
    Southern Taiwan Univ Sci & Technol, Allied AI Biomed Ctr
    Natl Cheng Kung Univ, Coll Med, Dept Phys Therapy
    Natl Cheng Kung Univ, Coll Med, Inst Allied Hlth Sci
    關鍵字: Brompheniramine
    Mepivacaine
    Skin antinociception
    Pinpricks
    日期: 2019-10
    上傳時間: 2020-07-29 13:48:35 (UTC+8)
    出版者: ELSEVIER
    摘要: Brompheniramine as an antihistamine blocked sodium channels, and local anesthetics by blocking sodium channels produced the local anesthetic effects. The authors aimed to assess local anesthetic quality and duration of brompheniramine when compared to the local anesthetic mepivacaine. After rats were shaved and injected subcutaneously on the dorsal skin, the panniculus reflex, induced via applying a noxious pinprick to the skin (injected area), was scored. The dose-response curve and nociceptive block duration of brompheniramine were constructed and compared with mepivacaine. The cutaneous analgesic effects in both brompheniramine and mepivacaine groups were concentration-dependent. On the basis of the amount required to produce a 50% block effect (ED50, 50% effective dose), the drug's potency was brompheniramine (0.89 [0.82-0.96] mu mol) better than mepivacaine (2.45 [2.17-2.76] mu mol) (P < 0.01). Full recovery time of brompheniramine was more prolonged than mepivacaine's (P < 0.01) on infiltrative cutaneous analgesia when comparing ED(25)s, ED(50)s and ED(75)s. Our preclinical data demonstrated that subcutaneous brompheniramine induces dose-relatedly analgesic effects, and brompheniramine induces prolonged analgesic duration when compared with mepivacaine. Brompheniramine also provokes better cutaneous analgesia than mepivacaine.
    關聯: European Journal of Pharmacology, v.860, 172544
    Appears in Collections:[老人服務事業管理系] 期刊論文

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