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    標題: 傳統製造業工作者職場疲勞與工作特質相關性探討
    Discussion on the job burnout and working trait of traditional manufacturing workers
    作者: 張鎧強
    貢獻者: 職業安全衛生系
    劉玉文
    關鍵字: 傳統製造業
    工作特質
    職場疲勞
    Traditional manufacturings
    job characteristics
    work fatigue
    日期: 2018
    上傳時間: 2019-02-27 16:45:39 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 本研究主要目的為探討台灣傳統製造業工作者職場疲勞和工作特質之現況及相關性。
    本研究採用橫斷性研究進行結構式問卷蒐集相關研究資料,以台灣南部地區傳統製造業的民生工業、金屬機械工業及化學工業等公司內部工作者為母群體,分別針對「行政部門」、「生產部門」及「維修部門」工作者進行施測,發出 350份問卷,收回問卷328份,刪除無效問卷後有效問卷共計321份,有效問卷率達 91.7%。
    本研究問卷內容含括基本資料、工作特質量表和職場疲勞量表,將所得資料以 SPSS 22.0 套裝軟體工具進行問卷後續處理統計分析。
    本研究結果如下:
    一、 台灣傳統製造業男性工作者工作負荷顯著高於女性工作者。
    二、 台灣傳統製造業不同年齡層工作者在個人疲勞、工作疲勞、工作過度投入與工作控制及工作負荷存在顯著差異。
    三、 台灣不同傳統製造業工作者於工作疲勞、對服務對象疲勞、工作過度投入與工作控制及工作負荷存在顯著差異。
    四、 台灣傳統製造業常日班工作者與輪班工作者於工作特質與職場疲勞負荷兩者存在差異,但未達顯著差異。
    五、 台灣傳統製造業工作者中已婚且育養子女>2人以上於工作過度投入顯著高於其他工作者。
    六、 現階段台灣傳統製造業工作者職場疲勞與工作特質確實存在著相互影響關係。
    本研究依據上述結果適度提出建議,使傳統製造業公司於轉型過程中其工作者之職場疲勞與工作特質相關負荷情形可獲得改善。
    The main purpose of this study was to explore the status of and relationship between workplace fatigue and the job characteristics of traditional manufacturing workers in Taiwan.
    In this analysis, we used a cross-sectional study to collect the relevant research data. The data covers traditional manufacturing industries of Tainan such as the people's livelihood industry, metal machinery industry and chemical industry company’s internal workers for the parent group, respectively. The test was carried out by "executive department", "production department" and "maintenance department" workers. 350 questionnaires were issued, 328 questionnaires were completed , 7 valid questionnaires were eliminated and 321 questionnaires were available. The effective questionnaire rate amounted to 91.7%.
    This research questionnaire includes basic data, as well as a special work quality table and workplace fatigue scale (WFS). The WFS is followed by statistical analysis using SPSS 22.0 package tools. The results of this study are as follows:
    The workload of male workers in traditional manufacturing industry in Taiwan is significantly higher than that of female workers.
    There are significant differences in personal fatigue, job fatigue, work overload, work control and workload among workers of different ages in Taiwan's traditional manufacturing industry.
    There are significant differences in work fatigue, fatigue of service objects, work overload, work control and workload among different traditional manufacturing workers in Taiwan.
    Although the working characteristics and fatigue load of the workers in traditional manufacturing industry in Taiwan are not significant, there are differences between those doing shift work compared to the regular day to day workers.
    On average, the traditional manufacturing workers in Taiwan are married and have more than 2 children which is a significantly higher number of offspring than for workers in other sectors. At present, the occupational fatigue and job characteristics of traditional manufacturing workers in Taiwan are closely interrelated.
    This study, based on the results of the analysis above, gives recommendations so that traditional manufacturing companies in the process of transformation to different job types can improve the situation of workers based on workplace fatigue and the job characteristics indicated.
    關聯: 電子全文公開日期:2018-06-15,學年度:106, 206頁
    Appears in Collections:[職業安全衛生系(含防災所)] 博碩士論文

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