Base sequences of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) in an organism carry all the instructions
regarding its growth and development. On the surface, such sequences seem irregular; yet in reality,
they are symbolic sequences with an organized structure. This study investigates the characteristics
of base arrangement and distribution in DNA sequences from the fractal theory viewpoint. In
addition to multifractal features demonstrated by the DNA sequence, this study also compares the
multifractal spectra derived from a particular family of gene among several different species. The
results reveal that a considerable correlation exists between base distribution and evolutionary order.
Furthermore, local scaling exponent (Hölder exponent) differences between coding segments (exon)
and non-coding segments (intron) are also examined. It is suggested that such differences in the
local distribution of bases can be applied to find coding segments within the DNA sequence that is
to be translated into protein. This local scaling analysis is feasible and has the potential to become
an effective tool for rapid location of possible coding sites in DNA sequences. The authors hope
that future studies using more complicated bioinformatics methods for analyzing DNA sequences
can benefit from this study.