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|標題: ||Cost-effectiveness of Gemcitabine Plus Modern Radiotherapy in Locally Advanced Pancreatic Cancer|
|作者: ||Leung, Henry W. C.|
Chan, Agnes L. F.
locally advanced pancreatic cancer
stereotactic body radiotherapy
|上傳時間: ||2018-01-18 11:39:09 (UTC+8)|
|摘要: ||Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of gemcitabine plus modern radiotherapy versus gemcitabine alone in the treatment of locally advanced pancreatic cancer in Taiwan. Methods: A Markov decision-analytic model was performed to compare the cost-effectiveness of 3 treatment regimens; gemcitabine alone (gem-alone), gemcitabine plus intensity-modulated radiotherapy (gem-IMRT), and gemcitabine plus stereotactic body radiotherapy (gem-SBRT). Patients transitioned between 5 health states: stable disease, local progression, distant metastasis, local and distant metastasis, and death. Findings: The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio for gem-IMRT and gem-SBRT compared with gem alone were NT$27,120,168 and NT$2,145,683 per quality-adjusted life-year gained, respectively. A willingness to pay threshold of 3 times the per capita gross domestic product was adopted according to the definition of the World Health Organization. The Taiwan per capita gross domestic product in 2015 was NT$673,920 (US$22,464; 1 NT$ = US$0.03333 in Taiwan); thus, a threshold was considered as NT $2,021,760 (US$67,392). The Monte-Carlo simulation found that the probability of cost-effectiveness at a willingness to pay threshold of NT$2,021,760 per quality-adjusted life-year was 0% chance for gem-IMRT and 50% for gem-SBRT. Implications: This study indicated that gem-IMRT or gem-SBRT in locally advanced pancreatic cancer is not cost-effective at a willingness to pay as defined by World Health Organization guideline in Taiwan. (C) 2016 Elsevier HS Journals, Inc. All rights reserved.|
|關聯: ||Clinical Therapeutics, v.38 n.5, pp.1174-1183|
|Appears in Collections:||[藥學系(所)] 期刊論文|
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