Chia Nan University of Pharmacy & Science Institutional Repository:Item 310902800/29082
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    標題: 國中生戶外休閒空間認知及其選擇因素之探究---以台南市虎尾寮地區為例
    The Spatial Cognition of Junior High School Students on the Choices of Outdoor Leisure Space---The Case Study in Hu Wei Liao of Tainan
    作者: 朱雅鈴
    貢獻者: 休閒保健管理系
    洪于婷
    張曜麟
    關鍵字: 空間選擇
    空間認知
    休閒空間
    Spatial Cognition
    Outdoor Leisure Space
    Spatial Choice
    日期: 2015
    上傳時間: 2015-10-21 17:11:30 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 本研究旨在探討國中生戶外休閒空間認知及其選擇因素之現況,並分析不同背景變項學生的空間認知、空間選擇之差異及相關情形。本研究採用問卷調查法來進行資料的蒐集,研究工具為「國中生戶外休閒空間認知及其選擇因素調查問卷」,針對台南市東區復興國中學生進行配額抽樣,研究樣本500人,收回有效問卷433份。所得資料以描述性統計、獨立樣本t考驗、單因子變異數分析、卡方檢定等統計方法進行統計分析。歸納研究發現,本研究獲得以下結論:一、國中生在地圖上正確辨識的休閒空間平均為3.42個,空間認知程度明顯較低。其中「復興國中」標記次數最多,「富強公園」最少。二、國中生在虎尾寮地區選擇的休閒空間以「復興國中」最多,選擇的原因前五名分別是:地點近、活動設施充足、使用總面積大、休憩設施充足、設施維護良好。三、國中生在空間認知程度會因性?、年級、居住地、居住時間、活動頻率、交通工具的不同而達顯著差異。四、國中生在休閒空間選擇會因性?、年級、居住地、居住時間、交通工具的不同而達顯著差異。五、國中生在休閒空間選擇上會因不同的活動行為、停留時間、同伴類型達顯著差異,但在使用時間、使用時段與使用頻率變項上,則未達顯著差異。六、國中生的空間認知程度及其休閒空間之選擇有顯著相關最後,根據研究發現提出結論和建議,作為學校、政府有關單位及日後研究者的參考。
    This research aims to discuss the situations of the spatial cognition of junior high school students on the choices of outdoor leisure space. Meanwhile, the study analyzes not only the variations caused by the background, but also the correlations among the spatial cognition and the spatial choices. This research collects data through questionnaire survey as the research tool, “ The Questionnaire of the Spatial Cognition of Junior High School Students on the Choices of Outdoor Leisure Space. ” The research participants are 500 students of Fusing Junior High School in East District of Tainan City, selected by quota sampling, and a total of 433 valid responses is collected. The data are analyzed by the statistical methods of descriptive statistics, t-test, one-way ANOVA, and chi-square test.Due to the findings of this study, conclusions are made as the following:1. Participants have significantly low spatial cognition, and their level of correct spatial recognition on the map is at an average of 3.42. Among the recognition spaces, Fusing Junior High School is identified the most, and Fuqiang Park is identified the least.2. Fusing Junior High School is selected the most by participants as the outdoor leisure space in Hu Wei Liao. The top five reasons of choices are close proximity, abundance of exercise facilities, wide utilization area, abundance of rest facilities, and properly maintained facilities.3. There are significant differences in spatial cognition among junior high school students of different gender, grades, residential region, residential duration, frequency of leisure activities, and transportation.4. There are significant differences in spatial choices among participants of different gender, grades, residential region, residential duration, and transportation.5. There are significant differences in spatial choices among junior high school students due to different exercise types, retention duration, and peer types. No significant differences are observed in the utilization duration, utilization period and utilization frequency. 6. There is a significant correlation between the participants’ degree of spatial cognition and their choices of leisure space.At last, in accordance with the research findings, conclusions and suggestions are provided as references for schools, related government departments, and future researchers’ references.
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