Chia Nan University of Pharmacy & Science Institutional Repository:Item 310902800/27607
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    標題: Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress Stimulates p53 Expression through NF-kappa B Activation
    作者: Lin, Wan-Chi
    Chuang, Yu-Chi
    Chang, Yung-Sheng
    Lai, Ming-Derg
    Teng, Yen-Ni
    Su, Ih-Jen
    Wang, Clay C.C.
    Lee, Kuan-Han
    Hung, Jui-Hsiang
    Su, Ih-Jen�
    關鍵字: Unfolded Protein Response
    Glycogen-Synthase Kinase-3-Beta
    Transcription Factor
    Induced Apoptosis
    Transmembrane Protein
    Messenger-Rna
    Dna-Damage
    Er Stress
    Phosphorylation
    Kinase
    日期: 2012-07-30
    上傳時間: 2014-03-21 16:15:04 (UTC+8)
    出版者: Public Library Science
    摘要: Background: Induction of apoptosis by endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is implicated as the major factor in the development of multiple diseases. ER stress also appears to be a potentially useful major response to many chemotherapeutic drugs and environmental chemical compounds. A previous study has indicated that one major apoptotic regulator, p53, is significantly increased in response to ER stress, and participates in ER stress-induced apoptosis. However, the regulators of p53 expression during ER stress are still not fully understood.Principal Findings: In this report, we demonstrate that induction of p53 expression is mediated through NF-kappa B signaling pathways during ER stress in MCF-7 cells. Tunicamycin or brefeldin A, two ER stress inducers, increased p53 expression in MCF-7 and Hela cells. We found p53 nuclear localization, activity, and phosphorylation at serine 15 on p53 increased during ER stress. Nuclear translocation of NF-kappa B and activity of NF-kappa B were also observed during ER stress. ER stress-induced p53 expression was significantly inhibited by coincubation with the NF-kappa B inhibitor, Bay 11-7082 and downregulation of NF-kappa B p65 expression. The role of p53 in mediating Brefeldin A-induced apoptosis was also investigated. Induction of p53 expression by Brefeldin A was correlated to Brefeldin A-induced apoptosis. Furthermore, downregulation of p53 expression by p53 siRNA significantly reduced Brefeldin A-induced apoptosis in MCF-7 cells.Significance: Taken together, NF-kappa B activation and induction of p53 expression is essential for ER stress-induced cell death which is important for therapeutic effects of clinical cancer drugs. Our results may provide insight into the mechanism of cancer chemotherapy efficacy that is associated with induction of ER stress.
    關聯: Plos One, 7(7), e39120
    显示于类别:[藥學系(所)] 期刊論文
    [生物科技系(所)] 期刊論文

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