在實地進行國小電腦周邊設備量測的結果發現，不管是五年級或六年級學童使用的電腦工作站，現場量測的結果皆超過學童電腦工作站的建議值。所以，若能針對高年級學童的人體計測值，設計出適合高年級學童使用的電腦工作站，必能有效降低學童使用時的不舒適比率。 As the computer is available to everyone and government popularizes the information education, the primary school of the whole country has already finished the disposition of the computer at present. The computer course is categorized as the science subject of the group activity from the third grade to sixth grade. Because of the time that children use the computer is getting more and more, it is very important to pay more attention to the design of the computer work station. However the design of the computer station at present is according to the adult’s anthropometric measurement, the children may cause the computer-related syndrome in case of using the improper computer work station for a long time.
The purpose of this research is to find out if children experience subjective syndrome of muscles ache and dried eye after using the computer. Furthermore, the concern includes exploring whether the uncomfortable syndrome that children body experience relates to the fact that children use the improper computer work station. The methods of this research include using questionnaire, measuring the around equipment of computer of primary school and suggesting the proper computer work station suitable for children of high grade of primary school.
This research regards the children of high grade of 9 primary schools in Tainan as the subject examined. Result of questionnaire investigation, by descriptive statistical analysis, find children in the fifth grade and sixth grade select the uncomfortable rate of eyes to be 26.16% and 22.88% separately after using computer in school. The uncomfortable syndrome of eyes maybe relate with luminance around the computer of the computer classroom by the independence test.
The children in the fifth grade and sixth grade select the uncomfortable rate of muscle ache to be 31.25% and 32% separately after using computer in school. By using multiple contingency table analysis, one find that among the children are aware of the height of keyboard lower, the lower height of chair is significantly related to the shoulders ache of children and among the children are aware of the height of mouse higher, the lower height of chair is significantly related to wrist ache of children.
The result of measuring the around equipment of computer workstation in school reveals that no matter the computer workstation which the children in the fifth grade or sixth children uses, the measurements of the computer workstation in computer classroom of primary school all exceed suggestion values of computer workstation suitable for children. Therefore, a proper design of computer workstation based on the anthropometry of high grade children in primary school can reduce the uncomfortable rate of muscle ache or dried eye while children use computer.