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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://ir.cnu.edu.tw/handle/310902800/34689


    標題: Albumin to prealbumin ratio in peritoneal dialysis patients: Clinical implication and outcome prediction
    作者: Huang, Yun-Ting
    Jiang, Ming-Yan
    Hwang, Jyh-Chang
    貢獻者: Chi Mei Hospital
    Department of Pharmacy, Chia Nan University of Pharmacy & Science
    關鍵字: nutritional-status
    serum prealbumin
    hemodialysis
    mortality
    protein
    inflammation
    hypokalemia
    survival
    mass
    日期: 2022
    上傳時間: 2023-12-11 14:05:16 (UTC+8)
    出版者: PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE
    摘要: Background Serum prealbumin level is slightly higher, whereas albumin is lower in peritoneal dialysis (PD) than hemodialysis (HD) patients. It is unknown whether albumin to prealbumin ratio (APR) is associated with mortality risk among PD patients. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical implications of APR and its prediction value on long-term outcomes of PD patients. Methods The study population were prevalent PD patients at a tertiary hospital. Based on APR, a total of 220 PD patients were divided into 3 groups: group 1: top tertile, median APR: 121.1; IQR:109.5-131.9 (n = 73, male: 37%; age: 5913); group 2: middle tertile, median APR: 97.1; IQR 93.5-100.0 (n = 73, male:37%; age: 5414), and group3: bottom tertile, median APR: 81.3; IQR:76.8-85.0 (n = 74, male:38%; 54 +/- 11). Patients were followed up for a maximum of 5 years. Outcome of interest was all-cause mortality. Results Group 1 was characterized by older age, higher prevalence of diabetes, lower nPCR, higher Davies score and hs-CRP level. APR positively correlated to hs-CRP (beta = 0.149, p = 0.045), but negatively correlated to nPCR (beta = -0.161, p = 0.034). Hyperprealbuminemia, accounting for 0%, 23.3%, and 82.4% in groups 1,2, and 3, was associated with a lower risk for mortality (HR:0.41, 95%CI = 0.23-0.73). The cumulative survival is significantly lower in group 1 than the other two groups. By multivariable Cox regression, APR (HR:1.02; 95%CI:1.01-1.03) was found to be an independent predictor of long-term mortality. Conclusion PD patients with high APR are characterized by having more comorbidities and marked malnutrition-inflammation status, and are associated with long-term mortality, whereas hyperprealbuminemia and lower APR are favorable prognostic factors.
    關聯: PLOS ONE, v.17, November 8, 2022
    Appears in Collections:[藥學系(所)] 期刊論文

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