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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://ir.cnu.edu.tw/handle/310902800/34635

    標題: Associations between Sjogren Syndrome, Sociodemographic Factors, Comorbid Conditions, and Scleritis in a Taiwanese Population-Based Study
    作者: Jan, Ren-Long
    Ho, Chung-Han
    Wang, Jhi-Joung
    Tseng, Sung-Huei
    Chang, Yuh-Shin
    貢獻者: Chi Mei Hospital
    Chang Jung Christian University
    Chi Mei Hospital
    Department of Hospital and Health Care Administration, Chia Nan University of Pharmacy & Science
    Chi Mei Hospital
    National Cheng Kung University
    National Cheng Kung University Hospital
    Chi Mei Hospital
    關鍵字: manifestations
    日期: 2022
    上傳時間: 2023-12-11 14:01:50 (UTC+8)
    出版者: MDPI
    摘要: This nationwide, population-based, retrospective, matched case-control study included 111,960 newly diagnosed patients with scleritis who were identified by the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification code 379.0, selected from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. Demographic characteristics, Sjogren syndrome, and comorbid conditions within 1 year before the scleritis diagnosis were examined using univariate logistic regression analyses, and a paired t-test was used for continuous variables. Adjusted logistic regression was used to compare the prognosis odds ratio (OR) of the patients with scleritis with the controls. After adjustment for confounders, patients with Sjogren syndrome were remarkably more likely to have scleritis than the controls (OR = 33.53, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 27.43-40.97, p < 0.001). Other conditions found to have increased odds of scleritis included post ocular pterygium, glaucoma, and scleral surgery (OR = 4.01, 95% CI = 3.64-4.43; OR = 3.16, 95% CI = 2.24-4.47; OR = 6.83, 95% CI = 5.34-8.74, respectively); systemic infections, such as syphilis, tuberculosis, and a human herpes viral infection (OR = 4.01, 95% CI = 2.93-5.50; OR = 2.24, 95% CI = 1.94-2.58; OR = 8.54, 95% CI = 8.07-9.03, respectively); and systemic diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, granulomatous vasculitis, systemic lupus erythematosus, ankylosing spondylitis, and gout (OR = 2.93, 95% CI = 2.66-3.23; OR = 7.37, 95% CI = 3.91-13.88; OR = 3.18, 95% CI = 2.63-3.85; OR = 5.57, 95% CI = 4.99-6.22; OR = 2.84, 95% CI = 2.72-2.96, respectively). The results strongly support an association between Sjogren syndrome, post ocular surgery, systemic infection disease, systemic autoimmune disease, and scleritis.
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