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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://ir.cnu.edu.tw/handle/310902800/34411

    標題: Impact of peritoneal dialysis-related peritonitis on PD discontinuation and mortality: A population-based national cohort study
    作者: Chung, Mu-Chi
    Yu, Tung-Min
    Wu, Ming-Ju
    Chuang, Ya-Wen
    Muo, Chih-Hsin
    Chen, Cheng-Hsu
    Huang, Shih-Ting
    Li, Chi-Yuan
    Shieh, Jeng-Jer
    Hung, Peir-Haur
    Chung, Chi-Jung
    貢獻者: Taichung Vet Gen Hosp, Dept Med, Div Nephrol
    Natl Chung Hsing Univ, PhD Program Translat Med
    Natl Chung Hsing Univ, Rong Hsing Res Ctr Translat Med
    China Med Univ & Hosp, Management Off Hlth Data
    China Med Univ, Coll Med, Grad Inst Biomed Sci
    China Med Univ, Coll Med, Sch Med
    Natl Chung Hsing Univ, Inst Biomed Sci
    Taichung Vet Gen Hosp, Dept Educ & Res
    Ditmanson Med Fdn Chiayi Christian Hosp, Dept Internal Med
    Chia Nan Univ Pharm & Sci, Dept Appl Life Sci & Hlth
    China Med Univ, Coll Publ Hlth, Dept Publ Hlth
    China Med Univ Hosp, Dept Med Res
    關鍵字: Mortality
    PD discontinuation
    peritoneal dialysis
    time-dependent model
    日期: 2021
    上傳時間: 2023-11-11 11:50:28 (UTC+8)
    摘要: Background: The impact of peritoneal dialysis-associated peritonitis (PD peritonitis) on long-term outcomes is uncertain. This nationwide retrospective study was conducted in Taiwan to understand the incidence, risk factors and long-term outcomes of PD peritonitis. Methods: A total of 11,202 incident adult peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients from 2000 to 2010 were collected from a Longitudinal Health Insurance Database and followed up until the end of 2011. Definition of peritonitis, the primary outcome, simultaneously met the diagnosis of peritonitis (International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification 567) and antibiotic use. Secondary outcomes included the impact of peritonitis on PD discontinuation and survival. Cox proportional hazards models with and without time-dependent variables were used to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Results: There were 7634 peritonitis episodes in 4245 patients during the follow-up period. The overall incidence of peritonitis was 0.18 episodes per patient-year. Peritonitis-associated risk factors included older age, female gender, chronic heart failure, cerebrovascular disease, liver cirrhosis and lower monthly income. In an adjusted Cox hazard proportional regression with the time-dependent model, peritonitis patients had a higher risk of PD discontinuation (HR 2.71, 95% CI 2.52-2.92) and mortality (HR 1.68, 95% CI 1.57-1.81) compared to patients without peritonitis. The adjusted HRs for mortality increased with each prior episode: one episode, two episodes and more than two episodes (all p < 0.05). The adjusted HRs for PD discontinuation also increased with the frequency of peritonitis. These negative effects were greatest during the first year and persisted significantly after 5 years. In a sensitivity analysis in which peritonitis within 30 days of death or PD discontinuation was excluded, peritonitis patients still had significantly increased risk of PD discontinuation and mortality compared to patients without peritonitis. Conclusions: Although peritonitis incidence was low, our findings reveal that peritonitis carried acute and long-term sequelae of higher PD discontinuation and lower patient survival.
    關聯: PERITON DIALYSIS INT, v.42, n.2, pp.194-203
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