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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://ir.cnu.edu.tw/handle/310902800/33993


    標題: 雲林縣政府協助中小企業(製造業)雇主改善工作環境計畫執行成效之研究
    Study on work effectiveness of Yunlin county government assisted medium and small sized enterprises to improve the manufacturing environment project
    中小企業是台灣的經濟命脈,在過去所謂「台灣經濟奇蹟」的年代,幾乎家家戶戶「客廳即是工廠」,每個家庭都變成了中小企業。然而,中小企業常因財力、物力、專業人才、資金等較大型企業短缺,安全衛生設施往往因陋就簡,雇主及勞工對工作場所危害風險辨識程度薄弱,導致近幾年來職業災害傷亡件數不斷攀升,形成產業弱勢的一環。本研究希望藉由主動式績效指標,探討中小企業製造業之雇主在接受雲林縣政府輔導事業單位改善工作環境計畫之執行成效。結果發現:中小企業製造業在職安衛管理現況之「安全衛生教育訓練」、「健康檢查制度」、「工作環境實施危害風險評估」等三項執行力偏低;推動職安衛管理之困境以「不清楚相關安全衛生法令」、「缺乏外部資源推行安全衛生活動」、「挪不出時間參與安全衛生研討會」為主要因素;認為促進職安衛的實務作法以「提供免費安全衛生教育訓練」、「提供適用之安全衛生法規」、「提供安全衛生諮詢服務專台」等三項為主要需求;接受政府職安衛輔導後之安全衛生成效改善以「更加瞭解安全衛生政策及執行方向」、「有效提升全體員工安全衛生意識」、「可以避免職業災害發生」等三項為主。問卷調查分析得知,在個人背景變項不同(職稱)及組織背景變項不同(公司資本總額、僱用員工人數、公司近三年有無收到安全衛生資訊)對各構面比較後而有顯著差異。
    Small and Medium Enterprise (hereinafter referred to as “SME”) is the economic lifeline of Taiwan. Every single household became SME with the saying of living room is the manufacturing factory in the so-called Taiwan Economic Miracle era. However, SMEs often simplify the safety and health facilities due to lack of finance, materials, professional personnel, money etc. Employers and employees’ weak recognition of hazard risks at workplace has not only led to the increase of occupational accidents but also become the weakest link in the industry during the recent years.This research is to apply the KPI and study the performance of manufacturing SMEs employers who accepted the guidance plan of improving the workplace environment from Yulin county government. The result of the research indicates that the manufacturing SMEs reach low performance in three items under the current safety and health management and the three items are “safety and health training”, “health check system”, “implement of risk assessment for workplace”. According to the result of this research, it is also found that the main factors leading to the difficulty of practicing safety and health management are “insufficient recognition of the safety and health related acts”, “lack of external resources to implement safety and health events”, “lack of time to participate safety and health seminars”;the main demands to promote the implement of occupational safety and health measures are “free safety and health training program”, “feasible safety and health acts”, “counselling service counter for safety and health issues”;the main improved items of safety and health fields after having occupational safety and health guidance from the government are “more knowledge of the safety and health policy as well as the direction of the practice”, “effectively raising all employees’ awareness of safety and health”, “capability to avoid the occupational accidents”. The analysis of the questionnaire survey presents the significant difference after comparison of different variables of personal background (e.g. Job titles) and organizational background (e.g. total assets, number of employees, receipt of safety and health information in the past 3 years).
    作者: 黃建誌
    貢獻者: 職業安全衛生系
    蔡百豐
    關鍵字: 安全衛生輔導
    Safety and Health Guidance
    日期: 2020
    上傳時間: 2022-10-21 10:34:02 (UTC+8)
    關聯: 學年度:108, 93頁
    Appears in Collections:[職業安全衛生系(含防災所)] 博碩士論文

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