研究結論：1.大學住宿生在防火避難認知層面、設備有效性認知層面及自我效能間關係達顯著水準。顯示防火避難認知層面，防火避難設備有效性認知是可以有效預測防火避難自我效能。2.以線性迴歸分析發現，在「防火避難認知」的標準化迴歸係數β值為0.338，「設備有效性認知」的標準化迴歸係數β值為0.341，共可解釋變異量之百分比為39.5 %。在標準化迴歸係數β值中「設備有效性認知」大於「防火避難認知層面」，表示為提昇大學住宿生之防火避難自我效能，宿舍必須消防設備完善有效，其重要性大於防火避難認知之影響，始能達到防火避難演練最大效益。 This study is to explore the self-efficacy of university residents protection and Escape. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the fire safety awareness of the dormitory students in the dormitory, the awareness of the existing fire refuge equipment in the dormitory and the self-efficacy of fire prevention and refuge. The study subjects are from the 18 to 23 years old of students of Chia-Nan University of Pharmacy and Science. The research tools were compiled with self-contained structured questionnaires, and the questionnaires were validated by experts and pre-tested and revised. The survey results used SPSS21.0 for descriptive statistics of each variable, independent sample T-test, single-factor variance analysis and linear regression analysis.
Research conclusions: 1. University accommodation students have a significant level of relationship between fire prevention and avoidance, cognitive level ,and self-efficacy. It shows the cognitive level of fire refuge, and the awareness of the effectiveness of fire refuge equipment can effectively predict the self-efficacy of fire refuge. 2. Using linear regression analysis, the standardized regression coefficient β value of “fire refuge cognition” is 0.338, and the standardized regression coefficient β of the “device effectiveness cognition” is 0.341, and the explanatory percentage is 39.5 %. In the standardized regression coefficient β value The "device effectiveness cognition" is greater than the "fire prevention refuge awareness level". It means that the dormitory fire refuge equipment must first be completed, and its importance is greater than the fire refuge awareness, and it can achieve the maximum benefit of fire refuge drills.