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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.cnu.edu.tw/handle/310902800/33006

    標題: 應用計畫行為理論探討菸品價格及相關因素對戒菸之影響-以嘉義市成人為例
    Application of the Theory of Planned Behavior to Investigate the Effects of Tobacco Price and Relative Factors on Smoking Cessation -A Study of Adults in Chiayi City
    作者: 吳文惠
    貢獻者: 醫務管理系
    關鍵字: 計畫行為理論
    Theory of Planned Behavior
    Knowledge of tobacco products
    Price of smoking products
    Smoking cessation
    日期: 2019
    上傳時間: 2020-12-09 14:43:47 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 吸菸是造成疾病負擔之重要危險因子,亦是造成許多疾病死亡的影響因素,為公共衛生上嚴重且迫切的健康議題。臺灣每年約有25000名吸菸者死於吸菸,近3,000名非吸菸者死於二手菸害,平均不到20分鐘就有1人因菸害而失去生命。因此本研究以嘉義市成年民眾為對象,探討菸品價格、個人變項、吸菸狀況及其他相關因素對戒菸意圖之影響。
    Smoking is an important risk factor of diseases. It is also a key factor resulted in death of diseases. Smoking becomes a serious and urgent health issue in public health. In Taiwan, about 25,000 smokers died from smoking and nearly 3,000 non-smokers died from second-hand smoke each year. In average, one person lost his/her life due to smoking in less than 20 minutes. The theory of planned behavior is used to predict the impact of cigarette prices, personal variables, smoking status and other relevant factors on smoking cessation intention of the perspective of adult people in Chiayi City.
    A total of 1,136 valid questionnaires were collected. Results showed that women, married, and high-educated, get higher scores on smoking knowledge, attitudes, perceived behavioral control and behavioral intention, but there was no difference in subjective norms and smoking prices in personal variables. Non-smokers had higher scores in smoking knowledge, attitudes, subjective norms, behavioral control, behavioral intention, and smoking cessation behavior than smokers or those who tried to smoke. Consistent with the theory, knowledge, attitudes, subjective norms, perceptual behavior control, cigarette prices and behavioral intention could well predict smoking cessation behavior, and R2 of attitude, behavioral intention and behavior are 0.290, 0.577 and 0.655 respectively. The overall predictive ability of model reached 65% for smoking cessation behavior.
    In summary, raising cigarette price had a positive effect on people's intention to quit smoking, and can promote the behavior of smoking cessation. To reenforce the tobacco products knowledge of adults in Chiayi City can promote smoking cessation attitude. Enhancing people’s attitude, subjective norms and perceptual behavior control could increase smoking cessation intention, and thus promote cessation behavior. The study results will help the central competent authority and the local health centers to develop a smoke prevention strategy. Intervention should focus on increasing adults’ perceptions of tobacco products knowledge and attitude. A long-term tobacco tax policy would effectively increase smokers' motivation to quit.
    關聯: 電子全文公開日期:2024-07-09
    Appears in Collections:[醫務管理系(所)] 博碩士論文

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