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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.cnu.edu.tw/handle/310902800/32958


    標題: 臺南女中學生課後參與運動及阻礙因素之探討
    The Study of the Participation and Barriers of Tainan Girl’s Senior High School Students Participating in After-School Sports
    作者: 黃群倫
    貢獻者: 休閒保健管理系
    張曜麟
    關鍵字: 課後運動
    參與動機
    參與阻礙
    exercise after school
    participating motivation
    participating obstacles
    factor analysis
    日期: 2019
    上傳時間: 2020-12-09 14:41:50 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 本研究旨在探討臺南女中學生課後參與運動及阻礙因素之研究,並分析不同背景變項學生的參與動機及阻礙因素之差異情形。
    本研究採用問卷調查法來進行資料的蒐集,研究工具為「臺南女中學生課後參與運動及阻礙因素之探討正式問卷」,針對臺南女中學生進行分層隨機抽樣,每個年級隨機抽樣120份問卷,研究樣本360人,收回有效問卷353份。資料以描述性統計、因素分析、獨立樣本 t 檢定、單因子變異數分析等統計方法進行統計分析。歸納研究發現,本研究獲得以下結論:
    一、臺南女中學生在「是否參加運動性質社團」選項中,以沒參加者居多,共292人,比例為
    82.7%;在「是否參加課後學科補習班」選項中,以參加者居多,共251人,比例為71.1%;在「每週課後運動次數」選項中,以0次的人最多,共79人,比例為22.4%,以2次的人次多,共73人,比例為20.7%。
    二、臺南女中學生在課後參與運動的動機之前三名為「增進心肺耐力」、「紓解壓力」、「體態雕塑」;在課後運動參與的阻礙因素之前三名為「運動場地使用者太多人」、「本身懶惰」、「放學時間太晚」。
    三、因素分析結果顯示,參與動機方面可歸納為「自我實現」、「外在環境」、「健康暨人際」、「外型改善」、「自主意識」等五個因素;參與阻礙部份則可歸納為「外在結構性」、「個人內在」、「同儕社交暨場地」、「審美觀」、「時間限制」等五個因素。
    四、t-test結果顯示:在是否參加運動性質社團方面,「自我實現」、「自主意識」等因素呈現顯著差異;而在是否參加課後學科補習班此一變項,各因素皆無顯著差異。
    五、變異數分析結果顯示:在年級方面,「自我實現」、「外在環境」、「自主意識」等皆呈現顯著差異;在每週運動次數方面,「自我實現」、「健康暨人際」等因素皆呈現顯著差異。
    This research is to explore the obstacle of exercising for students in National Tainan Girls Senior High School and analyze the difference participating motivation and obstacle reasons for students from various backgrounds.
    This research uses questionnaire to collect data. The researching tool is called “The official questionnaire of the participating in sports after school and its obstacle reasons to do so for the students in National Tainan Girls Senior High School”. We had 120 stratified random sampling questionnaire for students in National Tainan Girls Senior High School. We collected 353 questionnaire of total research samples 360. The data is statistically analyzed based on descriptive statistics, factor analysis, t-test and one-way ANOVA. After induction research, we obtain the following conclusions.

    1. In the option of “if you attend a exercise oriented school club”, people who don’t takes the majority. 292 people in total, 82%. In the option of “if you attend academic cram school after school”, people who do takes the majority, which is 251 people in total, 71%; In the option of “numbers of doing exercise”, 0 time takes the majority, which is 79 people, 22.4%. The second most is 2 times, 73 people, rate is 20.7%.
    2. The top three motivation of doing exercise after school are “to increase cardiorespiratory capacity”, “to release stress” and “to get a nice body curve”. The top three obstacle to do exercise after school are “too many users at the sports filed”, “lazy” and “school finishes too late”.
    3. The factor analysis result shows that the motivations are induced as the following five factors: “self-realization”, “outer environment”, “health and social relationship”, “appearance improvement” and “self-conscience”. The obstacles are induced as the following five factors: “external structure”, “individual internals”, “peer socialization and location”, “aesthetic”, “time limitation”.
    4. The t-test result shows that there’s a significant difference on the aspect of if one participates sport oriented school club, effected by “self-realization” and “self-conscience”. However, it doesn’t have a significant difference on the variable of if one attends academic cram school after school.
    5. The result of analysis of variance shows that the factors as “self-realization”, “external environment” and “self-realization” all have significant difference. As for times of exercising per week, “self-realization”, and “health and social relationship” all have a significant difference.
    關聯: 電子全文公開日期:2019-06-21
    學年度:107,70頁
    Appears in Collections:[休閒保健管理系(所)] 博碩士論文

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