Chia Nan University of Pharmacy & Science Institutional Repository:Item 310902800/30973
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    Title: Clonidine as an adjuvant for propranolol enhances its effect on infiltrative cutaneous analgesia in rats
    Authors: Hung, Ching-Hsia
    Chiu, Chong-Chi
    Liu, Kuo-Sheng
    Wang, Jhi-Joung
    Chen, Yu-Wen
    Contributors: Natl Cheng Kung Univ, Coll Med, Dept Phys Therapy
    Natl Cheng Kung Univ, Coll Med, Inst Allied Hlth Sci
    Chi Mei Med Ctr, Dept Gen Surg
    Chi Mei Med Ctr, Dept Gen Surg
    Southern Taiwan Univ Sci & Technol, Dept Elect Engn
    Chia Nan Univ Pharm & Sci, Dept Pharm
    Chi Mei Med Ctr, Dept Med Res
    China Med Univ, Coll Hlth Care, Dept Phys Therapy
    Keywords: Clonidine
    Adjuvant
    Propranolol
    Bupivacaine
    Subcutaneous injection
    Infiltrative cutaneous analgesia
    lidocaine
    Date: 2016-03
    Issue Date: 2018-01-18 11:39:01 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: Elsevier Ireland Ltd
    Abstract: Clonidine prolongs duration of analgesia when used as an adjunct to local anesthetics for infiltrative cutaneous analgesia, and propranolol produces local anesthesia. The purpose of the experiment was to evaluate clonidine as an adjuvant for propranolol on the quality and duration of cutaneous analgesia. A rat model of cutaneous trunci muscle reflex (CTMR) in response to local skin pinprick was employed to evaluate the cutaneous analgesic effect of propranolol combined with clonidine. The long-lasting local anesthetic bupivacaine was used as control. Cutaneous analgesia elicited by propranolol and bupivacaine was dose-dependent, and both propranolol (9.0 mu mol) and bupivacaine (1.8 mu mol) produced 100% nociceptive blockade. On an 50% effective dose (ED50) basis, the relative potency was bupivacaine [0.48 (0.42-0.55) mu mol] greater than propranolol [2.27 (1.98-2.54) mu mol] (p < 0.01). Subcutaneous saline and clonidine (0.12 mu mol) did not produce cutaneous analgesia. The mixture of an ineffective-dose clonidine (0.12 mu mol) and a drug (propranolol or bupivacaine) at ED50 or ED95 increased the potency and extended the duration at producing cutaneous analgesia. The resulting data demonstrated that propranolol is less potent than bupivacaine as an infiltrative anesthetic. Clonidine as an adjuvant for propranolol or bupivacaine has a significant peripheral action in increasing the depth and duration of action on infiltrative cutaneous analgesia. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Relation: Neuroscience Letters, v.616, pp.70-74
    Appears in Collections:[Dept. of Pharmacy] Periodical Articles

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