本研究目的主要探討成年人在學習烏克麗麗後，是否因提升自身「音樂素養」、「愉悅感」及家人、好友間「價值認同感」，進而得到「自我存在價值感」認定。而由研究成果分析歸納，以佐證烏克麗麗可以是最容易上手的樂器，成年人甚或中老年人透過學習，手腦連結的訓練下，可得到「身、心、靈的健康」及「自我存在價值感」的認定。研究方法 本研究採問卷調查法，由整理相關專家文獻配合研究者與數位音樂專家多年教學經驗設計問卷，研究對象以台南市及高雄市跟研究者學過烏克麗麗的成年人約400人為母群體，採「立意抽樣」方式抽233人為取樣樣本。問卷內容以李克特式量表為參考，研究假設以成年人學習過烏克麗麗後經由「音樂素養」的提升、增加心靈「愉悅感」及「家人及朋友間價值認同感」的增強調查是否與「自我存在價值感」的認定有正面顯著影響？統計工具採用統計方式採SPSS為分析工具，分析有三步驟：1、先由複迴歸分析的自我存在價值觀念認同題項，2、再經由「因素分析」分析歸類總題項，重新做出因素構面，再進行迴歸分析。3、由人口統計變數與自我存在價值做交叉分析，比較不同人口統計變數與自我存在價值的差異。研究結果 可分為三個面向，分別為：一、自我存在價值觀念認同題項之複迴歸分析題項皆達到正面顯著影響。二、實際問卷結果的複迴歸關係，七個因素有4個有正面顯著性影響。三、人口統計變數與自我存在價值感交叉分析結果亦有比較差異。結論與建議 以觀念認同題項來說，研究顯示受測者對於經由音樂素養、愉悅感、家人、朋友間價值認同感與自我存在價值感建立達到完全的顯著，但在實際問卷結果的複迴歸分析中7個因素構面有4個達到正面顯著影響，表示是雖有理念的共識，但實際要達到完全的理念的目標，尚需與練習時間、樂理知識及教導師資依不同人口統計變數特質給予不同的輔導教育配合。提出應該對烏克麗麗正面推廣的結論及對教師、政府和後續研究者的建議，以做為日後推廣者提出政策及教學法的參考及依據。
AbstractBackgroundThis study recruits adults who have learned Ukulele and focuses on how they improve their music literacy and senses of delights to further acquire self-esteem. By providing elderly and adults with this easy-to-play instrument and connecting between hands and brains, they would accomplish physical and mental health and obtain more self-esteem. MethodWe execute the study with questionnaire survey procedure, and conclude expertise, literatures and essays in this field along with long-term educating experience questionnaire of researcher and musical specialists. Subjects are 400 adults who have learned Ukulele in our musical institution, and purposive sampling is conducted and selected out 233 samples. The questionnaire is scored by Likert scale. We aim on whether there are significantly positive impacts between self-esteem and the variables, including improvement of music literacy, the mental enhancement of delightfulness and the augmentation of the value of identity between oneself, family and friends, among adults who have learned Ukulele. Statistically analysis is performed by SPSS with the following three steps: 1. Use multiple regression analysis with variables- self-esteem and the value of identity 2. Practice factor analysis to investigate total variables, rebuild the factor perspective and re-do the regression analysis 3.Cross analysis over population statistics and self-esteem, and then compare self-esteem in different population statistics.Result We attain three results which are 1.There are significantly positive impacts between self-esteem and the value of identity. 2. Based on the questionnaires, the multiple regression analysis reveals four out of seven factors having significantly positive impacts. 3. Cross analysis over population statistics and self-esteem has reached significant difference.DiscussionAs for conceptual identity, results show a significant positive relation between self-esteem and the value of identity between oneself, friends and family. However, realistic outcomes of multiple regression analysis reveal four out of seven factor perspectives have significantly positive impacts, in other words, despite the conceptual consensus, it still requires practicing time, knowledge of music theory and teachers. Furthermore, educational counseling should be modified for keeping pace with different population statistics. We suggest that Ukulele should be more promoted and these results would be hints for potential teachers, government and future researchers. Meanwhile, hypothesis and proposes are given out and are expected to bring up guidelines and reference for promotors to raise policy suggestion and educating practice in the future.