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|標題: ||Serum vascular adhesion protein-1 level is higher in smokers than non-smokers|
|作者: ||Wang, Yi-Chia|
Smith, David J.
Semicarbazide-Sensitive Amine Oxidase
Vascular Adhesion Protein-1
|上傳時間: ||2014-05-26 10:49:06 (UTC+8)|
|出版者: ||Informa Healthcare|
|摘要: ||Background: Semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidase (SSAO)/vascular adhesion protein-1 (VAP-1) is involved in the pathogenesis of both atherosclerosis and cancer. Because chemical components and metabolites of cigarettes are deaminated by SSAO, the relationship between smoking and serum SSAO/VAP-1 was studied in humans.Methods: A total of 451 non-diabetic and normoalbuminuric Han Chinese subjects were recruited to participate in this study. Smoking history was obtained by using a questionnaire and those who smoked more than 100 cigarettes during a 6-month period were considered smokers. Serum VAP-1 concentration was measured by time-resolved immunofluorometric assay. Age, gender, waist circumference and estimated glomerular filtration rate (GFR) were adjusted in different statistical models.Results: Smokers were mainly male (85.7% versus 26.3%) and were more obese than nonsmokers (p<0.05). Subjects with higher serum VAP-1 concentrations were older (p<0.001) and tended to have larger waist circumferences and lower estimated GFR. Serum VAP-1 concentration was higher in smokers than in non-smokers (p<0.05) after adjusting for age, gender, waist circumference, estimated GFR, liver biochemistry and lipid profile.Conclusions: Cigarette smoking is associated with elevated serum VAP-1 concentration. Whether VAP-1 and its SSAO activity link the relationship between cigarette smoking, atherosclerosis and cancer requires further investigation.|
|關聯: ||Annals of Human Biology, v.40 n.5, pp.413-418|
|Appears in Collections:||[職業安全衛生系(含防災所)] 期刊論文|
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