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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.cnu.edu.tw/handle/310902800/27761

    標題: A novel biofilm carrier for pollutant removal in a constructed wetland based on waste rubber tire chips
    作者: Chyan, Jih-Ming
    Senoro, Delia-B.
    Lin, Chien-Jung
    Chen, Po-Jai
    Chen, I. -Ming
    貢獻者: 環境資源管理系
    關鍵字: Waste Rubber Tire Chips
    Constructed Wetlands
    Biochemical Oxygen Demand
    Total Phosphorus
    日期: 2013-11
    上傳時間: 2014-05-26 10:42:36 (UTC+8)
    出版者: Elsevier Sci Ltd
    摘要: The increasing number of waste tires has posed a serious threat to environmental protection and public health efforts in recent years. Waste rubber tire chips (WRTCs) are introduced as a novel media and biofilm carrier of subsurface flow (SSF) constructed wetland (CW), which is combined with free water surface (FVVS) CW to form a hybrid experimental system. Two parallel hybrid CW systems are used: a control CW system uses a SSF CW with a gravel bed while WRTC is the SSF media for the other hybrid CW system. Comparing the experimental results of hybrid CWs with those of WRTC bed and gravel bed reveals that withered vegetation does not significantly influence the biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) removal performances for individual CWs or hybrid CW systems. However, withered vegetation deteriorates the removal performance of ammonia-nitrogen (NH3-N). Regrowing vegetation restores the CW ability of gravel SSF CW to remove NH3-N. The original vegetation of WRTC SSF CW, reeds, is dead in the winter. Some new superior vegetations, barnyard grass and globose bead hat-sedge make a removal performance comparable to that of gravel bed SSF CW. Owing to some steel belts connected to WRTC, iron ions are naturally released into the SSF CW and increase nitrate average removal rates of gravel bed SSF CW, -13.1%, to that of WRTC bed SSF CW, 62.2%. The hybrid CW with WRTC SSF CW is nearly twice the nitrate removal rate of the hybrid CW system with gravel SSF CW. As for total phosphorus (TP) removal performance, the average removal rates are 10.0% and 39.9% for gravel SSF CW and WRTC SSF CW, respectively. Moreover, the TP average removal rate of WRTC hybrid CW, 53.4%, is superior to that of gravel hybrid CW, 27.2%. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    關聯: International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation, v.85 n.SI pp.638-645
    Appears in Collections:[環境資源管理系(所)] 期刊論文

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