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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.cnu.edu.tw/handle/310902800/27286


    標題: 台南地區中小企業工作者安全衛生認知之相關研究
    The Study of the Acknowledge of Safety and Health among Small and Medium Enterprise Labors in Tainan
    作者: 許月媚
    貢獻者: 職業安全衛生系
    江昇修
    關鍵字: 中小企業
    安全衛生認知
    疲勞
    壓力
    Small and Medium Enterprises
    Safety and Health Awareness
    Fatigue
    Stress
    日期: 2013
    上傳時間: 2014-03-11 15:04:30 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 工作環境處在於安全、衛生、健康無害的條件中是每個基層勞工及勞工主管機關追求的目標。針對基層勞工或工作者,調查勞工工作環境與自身感受,探討基層勞工、工作者的工作安全衛生需求,據此瞭解台南地區中小企業勞工對於工作環境安全衛生認知與自覺,並提供相關管理機構做為輔導績效指標。本研究透過台南地區中小企業工作者工作環境安全衛生狀況認知問卷調查得知, 結果得知台南地區中小企業工作者中以高中職畢業學歷為主要工作群,工作安全衛生知識主要來源以工作單位教育訓練佔最多有70人(76.92%)。台南地區中小企業工作者對於工作環境安全衛生條件以「普通」佔大多數;對於工作場所有7成(73.63%)的工作者是認為目前工作環境是安全的,但是其中有16名(17.58%)會擔心自己的健康情形。 台南地區中小企業中製造業常發生的職業傷害,由研究結果得知以切、割、擦傷佔最多,有46人(50.)55%。整體而言工作者對於目前工作只有5人(6%)滿意,工作者會擔心就業缺乏保障導致不敢隨意更換工作。所以工作場所中遇到危險時一般人都是認為自己工作不注意,而本研究調查結果大多數人48人(52.75%)也是認為如此。而當工作遇到困擾或壓力時,最常使用的處理方式是休息與睡覺,共有52人(57.14%)。工作預防措施是否有確實執行對於工作者從事工作時是可以感受到安心,顯示出工作環境的安全是給予工作者安心工作的重要性。職場疲勞量表中連續性變項測量指標之間的相關性中就以「個人疲勞」與「工作疲勞」兩者之間存在高度相關(在男性部分r=0.79,女性部分r=0.82);而其他分量表之間的相關,除了「工作負荷」與「工作過度投入」的相關性就低之外,其他分量表間均有中等程度的正相關。
    Work environments having the safety and health conditions are the goals that workers and labor authorities to pursue. In order to understand the knowledge and awareness of the SMEs labors about working environment in Tainan and provide performance indicators to administrative units, the study applied questionnaires to investigate the labors working environment and explored grassroots labors safety and health requirements. The results revealed that the labors having high school diploma and vocational education were main working group. There were 70 workers (76.92%) acquiring the working safety and health knowledge from the work units education and training programs. The majority of SMEs workers thought the safety and health conditions of working environment as “fair”. There are 70%(73.63%) workers in workplace considered current working environment safe, but there were 16 Interviewees (17.58%) among them still worried their own healthy situation. Occupational injuries occurred often by findings were cut, chop, and abrasions accounted for up to 46 workers (55%).There were only 5 people (6%) satisfied with work status. The fact that the workers worried about job insecurity caused not dare to replace the work at will. Therefore the labors thought pay no attention to the work themselves when they encountered danger in workplace. The findings of this study showed that 48 people (52.75%) also think so. When the workers experienced distress or stress, the commonly used treatments by most people (52, 57.14%) were to rest and sleep. It is important to provide the workers with safety working environment therefor the labors can work at ease. If the preventive measures could be performed truly, the workers can feel relieved. There was high correlation between the variables "individual fatigue" and "work fatigue" ( male r = 0.79, female r = 0.82) among the continuous variables in occupational fatigue scale. The other subsales have moderate positive correlation except the correlation between “workload” and “work effort”
    關聯: 電子全文公開日期:20160801,學年度:101,61頁
    Appears in Collections:[職業安全衛生系(含防災所)] 博碩士論文

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