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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.cnu.edu.tw/handle/310902800/26523


    標題: 探討南部青少年身體質量指數及其相關因素
    Exploring the relationship of BMI on adolescents in southern Taiwan
    作者: 楊雅萍
    貢獻者: 醫務管理系(所)
    陸海林
    關鍵字: 策略性規劃
    體適能
    青少年
    身體質量指數
    adolescents
    BMI
    fitness
    strategeic plan
    日期: 2012
    上傳時間: 2013-04-22 14:58:35 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 國內青少年與學童身體肥胖比例愈來愈高,加上缺乏運動的動機及機會,非常容易引發健康問題。本研究的目的為以社會學習理論架構之相關因素探討南部青少年的身體質量指數並提供健康體適能促進的策略。採用橫斷性設計的描述性研究,以社會學習理論為架構,包括個人因素(人口學特徵、自我認知)、環境因素(家庭環境、學校體育課程與體適能相關因素)及行為因素(日常生活習慣)等三個構面,發展身體質量指數相關因素評量表。以台灣南部地區567名12-18歲之青少年同意為研究對象者進行網路及紙本問卷施測。研究結果經由資料分析發現:影響台灣南部青少年身體質量指數的變項分別為自覺體型、性別、年齡、父母的體型、過去12個月參加多少次的體育競賽、所期望的體型及一週有幾天三餐正常飲食等。針對研究結果提出健康促進策略為(1)父母除了有健康體適能認知及行為與正確的體型外觀,更需有預防勝於治療,懂得預防慢性病的發生,才能為青少年的學習對象(2)父母與子女相處互動過程中,引導青少年建立正確飲食營養知識,養成青少年正確的飲食習慣(3)家庭、社會環境及學校課程設計著重於教導青少年有健康體適能及正確身體觀的認知,多方面了解青少年個人身體意象潛藏的問題(4)社區衛生所聯合社區發展委員會、村里長服務團隊及學校,推動全民運動,培養青少年規律的運動習慣。父母具有健康認知及行為,將體適能納入學校健康教育及體育課程的教學設計與考試計分,配合教育部體育司之宣導,及所推動的營造健康體位與優質環境,同時配合國民健康局、附近醫院、社區衛生所、學校推廣健康護照活動,確實做好青少年體適能健康知識管理,並結合雲端技術及社群網站,提供從0到65歲的健康衛教內容、健康體適能的知識、預防疾病及其配套措施,並推動健康體適能知識及全民規律運動,共同提升正確體型意識,藉動態生活及均衡飲食全面發展青少年健康體適能。
    The obesity proportion of the adolescent and children in Taiwan is increasing. Moreover, the lack of motivation and opportunity to exercise very easily leads to the health problem. The purpose of this study is by using the relevant factors of the social learning framework to investigate the body mass index of the adolescent in southern Taiwan as well as to provide the health related physical fitness promotion strategy.
    The questionnaire uses the cross sectional descriptive research design with the social learning theory as the research construct, including the personal information (demographic characteristic, and sense of self), environment factor (family environment, school sports education, and fitness knowledge related factors), and behavior (daily life habits). The 567 respondents who filled the questionnaire either online or paper-based are 12 to 18 years old from southern Taiwan.
    The result of data analysis in this research shows that the influence variables of body mass index are including gender, age, parents’ body types, the number of sports competitions they participated in the past 12 months, their body type expectation and the number of days in a week having the normal three meals a day. Based on the result of this research, the strategies that can promote health include (1) parents not only need to have the knowledge of health, behavior and the proper body appearance, but it is more important for them to have the “prevention is better than treatment” concept, understand the prevention of chronic diseases, and thus they can be the learning models for their children, (2) parents are guidelines for adolescents to establish correct nutrition knowledge and habits in the daily diet, (3) family, social environment, and the school curriculum focus on the young people to have the fitness and the correct concept of body appearance, in many aspects understanding the potential problem of adolescence’s own body, (4) community health center together with community development committee, a team of the village heads and schools, to promote the national sport and cultivate the young to have the regular exercise as habit. The health awareness and behavior of parents, letting the physical fitness incorporated into the instructional design and test scoring design of the school health and physical education curriculum, to co-perate the promotion of the Sports Secretary of the Ministry of Education, and establish a healthy position to promote an excellent environment. At the same time, National Health Council and the community health units also promote the knowledge of physical fitness and national regular exercise, raising the awareness of the health related fitness of adolescence through dynamic life and a balanced diet.
    關聯: 校內外均一年後公開 ,學年度:100,81頁
    Appears in Collections:[醫務管理系(所)] 博碩士論文

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