隨著資訊科技的普及與進步，資訊教育的重要性也越被重視。然而面對資訊科技的浪潮，值得注意的是：資訊科技是否真能如理想中的讓全民接受、使用，使社會全體皆能蒙獲其利，或者只是加劇社會既有的不平等，使得原有的弱勢族群更加的邊緣化？在新移民成為臺灣第五大族群且新移民子女的比例越來越高的此時，對其資訊科技的近用上仍停留在統計、調查上，缺乏深入的研究與探討。此外，雖然調查結果指出新移民家庭具有數位落差，但卻無法區分不同國籍的族群是否有所不同，並進一步定位需要幫助的對象。因此本研究在第一年的計劃中，將以深度訪談及參與觀察的研究方法，站在使用者的角度，嘗試還原新移民之間的差異性，釐清真正具有數位落差的族群；接著，以彙總式研究的方式整合過去的調查、研究結果及本研究的訪談、觀察的資料，以提供對新移民及其子女數位落差較深入的探討。第二年計劃則試圖基於 Bandura 的社會認知理論對新移民及其子女數位落差做研究模式的推導，並進行實證研究。本研究的結果預期可增加對新移民及其子女數位落差有更進一步的瞭解外，也可做為未來的數位落差及資訊教育計劃之參考。 While information communication technology (ICT) involves more and more with our lives, ICT education also becomes essential. What we should notice is whether ICT has been widely adopted and benefited the public or the minority has actually fallen more behind and the gap is enlarged. As the new immigrants has becomes the fifth group in Taiwan population and the number of new immigrants’ children also increases rapidly, how new immigrants and their children develop their ICT literacy is getting important. However, there are limited research outcomes and discussion about ICT education of new immigrants and their children, mainly from questionnaires. Moreover, questionnaire results, while pointing out that digital divide exists, fail to provide the insight between different immigrant groups and identify the group who faces digital divide and what they really need. Therefore, in first year of this research, we try to identify the immigrant groups with digital divide and their needs through in-depth interviews and participant observation. After collecting the data from both immigrants’ interviews and observation within their fields, we planned to adopt the meta-research method to re-organize the previous research and questionnaire outcomes and integrated with our data. Based on the meta-research result, we will be able to provide a deeper understanding toward this issue. In second year, we planned to adopt the social cognitive theory from Bandura and develop the research model based on first-year outcomes. After the model is developed, the survey will be conducted for testing the research model and for empirical results. The outcomes of this research are expected to increase the understanding toward the digital divide of new immigrants and their children; while providing the directions and suggestions for future projects and researches about ICT education and digital divide.