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    標題: 光電產業之光阻劑製造勞工作業危害之調查研究
    The Investigation of Labor Work Hazards in Photoresist Manufacture of Optoelectronic Industry
    作者: 龔育賢
    貢獻者: 嘉南藥理科技大學:產業安全衛生與防災研究所
    關鍵字: 刺激型接觸性皮膚炎
    肌肉骨骼不適
    肌肉骨骼傷害人因工程檢核表(MSDs)
    北歐肌肉骨骼問卷調查表(NMQ)
    北歐肌肉骨骼問卷調查表(NMQ)
    Stimulate Contact Dermatitis
    Musculoskeletal Discomfort(MSDs)
    Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire(NMQ)
    Photoresist Manufacturing workers
    日期: 2011
    上傳時間: 2011-10-24 15:44:14 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 在台灣光電產業是重要的高科技工業,從事於光電產業的無塵室勞工,肌肉骨骼不適的報告有增加趨勢,本研究目的在探討光電產業之光阻劑製造勞工作業危害之調查研究。
    本研究對象係以某光阻劑製造公司之50位現場製造及20位現場品管之無塵室工作人員,進行橫斷性研究。以自行設計之結構性問卷評估工作情形與皮膚問題。採用北歐肌肉骨骼問卷調查表(NMQ),進行肌肉骨骼不適症狀調查與相關皮膚問題探討;並以肌肉骨骼傷害人因工程檢核表(MSDS)作現場工作分析各危險因子,以卡方檢定等方法分析暴露危險因子與症狀之關係。
    現場製造人員比現場品管人員身體出現疼痛的盛行率較高,尤其是頸部、肩膀、上背、手掌、下背或腰部不適人數比例為高,分別為54﹪、52﹪、52﹪、58﹪、66﹪;現場製造人員主訴疼痛部位與部份工作內容有相關性,其中如頸部與舉手過肩總時間(2hrs)、上背與扭腰轉身總次數(11次~20次) 、手腕與手指用力捏握(夾)總時間(2hrs) 、下背或腰部與搬抬物品總重量(10公斤~50公斤) 、下背或腰部與扭腰轉身總次數(11次~20次);現場製造人員主訴疼痛部位與部份身體動作有相關性,如頸部與洗淨、上背與原料投入處理、手腕與充填、下背或腰部與原料前處理 ,以上在統計上都有顯著相關(P<0.05)。
    現場製造人員比現場品管人員皮膚不適的盛行率較高,尤其是手背(52﹪)之比例為高,其在統計上有顯著相關(P<0.05)。在受檢的50位現場製造人員中,有16位(32﹪)被診斷有接觸性皮膚炎,其中有15位(佔全部現場製造人員之30﹪)是屬於刺激型接觸性皮膚炎,主要發生在手部。
    光阻劑製造勞工,有高比例之肌肉骨骼不適與皮膚問題,未來應從人體工學設計及個人保護去預防此問題。
    Optoelectronics industry in Taiwan is an important high-tech industry. However, there are increasing musculoskeletal discomfort reports of clean-room workers engaged in the optoelectronics industry. This study aimed to investigate labor work hazards led by photoresist of optoelectronic industry.
    The subjects of this cross sectional study who are 50 on-site manufacturing and 20 quality control staffs working in clean rooms of a photoresist manufacturing company are conducted to assess the working conditions and skin problems by the self-designed structural questionnaire. Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire (NMQ) was adopted to investigate the musculoskeletal symptoms and relevant skin problems and MSDs was utilized to analyze the risk factor in field work. Chi-square test was used analyze the relationship between risk factors exposure and symptoms.
    On-site manufacturing workers have the higher prevalence of body pain symptom than quality control personnel, especially the high proportion in neck, shoulders, upper back, hands, lower back or waist with 54%, 52%, 52% 58%, 66% accordingly. The major body part pain complained by the on-site manufacturing staffs has certain relationship with the work contents, including the neck and the raising total time (2hrs) of hands over the shoulders, the upper back and the twister total number (11 ~ 20 times) of waist, the wrist and forceful pinch total time (2hrs) of finger, lower back or waist and total weight of goods carried (10 kg ~ 50 kg), lower back or waist and the twister total number (11~ 20 times) of waist. The major body part pain complained by the on-site manufacturing staffs has certain relationship with the body movements, such as neck and clean-up, upper back and raw materials injecting process, wrist and filling, as well as lower back or waist and raw materials pre-processing. The above-mentioned are significantly correlated (P <0.05) in statistics.
    The on-site manufacturing staffs also have higher prevalence of skin discomfort than quality control personnel, especially the highest hand back ratio (52%) with statistically significant correlation (P <0.05). There are 16 staffs (32%) were diagnosed with contact dermatitis in the 50 manufacturing personnel subjects. In which, there were 15 patients (30% of the total on-site manufacturing staffs) belonged to stimulus contact dermatitis and occurred mainly in hands.
    Photoresist manufacturing workers have a high proportion of musculoskeletal discomfort and skin problems that have to be prevented by personal protection and ergonomic designs in the future.
    關聯: 校內一年後公開,校外永不公開,學年度:99,107頁
    Appears in Collections:[職業安全衛生系(含防災所)] 博碩士論文

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