實驗結果顯示，在酸洗的過程中濃度0.7M的硝酸可釋出最大量的鐵，在合成中鐵的含量越高所製備的產量越好。對於混沉詴驗的評估，氯化鐵隨pH及加藥量的提升去除效率也增加，但六價鐵只需在高pH的條件下效率達到最佳，六價鐵pH7與pH9去除效率相差不大。在實廠廢水濁度去除方面，六價鐵在低劑量(0.1 mg/L as Fe)下即可達理想的濁度去除效果，而氯化鐵需在較高的加藥量(3 mg/L as Fe)下方能達成。 II
A novel and low-cost method in synthesizing ferrate (FeO4-2) from sludge generated from the water treatment plant has been utilized. Ferrate, known as a strong oxidizing and coagulating agent, has been prepared using the wet oxidation method in which Fe(III) salt is oxidized under strong alkaline conditions using hypochlorite as an oxidant. Nitric acid was used to leach out iron from sludge at different concentrations. The maximum amount of Fe(III) was released using 0.7 M HNO3 and was utilized to prepare the ferrate oxidant.
In this study, the ability of ferrate in removing heavy metal ions [Cr(III) , Zn(II), Cu(II), Ni(II)] from aqueous solution has been investigated using the jar test method. The effect of various pH (pH 5, pH 7, and pH 9), and oxidant dosage (0.1 mg/L to 1.0 mg/L) on the removal capacity has been examined. Results revealed that the optimum removal efficiency was achieved at pH 7 while oxidant dosage of 0.1 mg/L. Further increasing in pH value to pH 9 and the oxidant dosage resuleed in significant difference in the removal efficiency.
The feasibility of the synthesized ferrate and ferric chloride as a flocculant has been compared. Optimum turbidity removal was achieved at a low dosage of 0.1 mg/L ferrate as compared to 3.0 mg/L FeCl3.