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Probing into the Nature of Dada-Investigating the Artistic Spirit of Dada through Zen's Public Cases
|上傳時間: ||2010-09-10 09:09:05 (UTC+8)|
The destructive impact of World War I brought strong sense of failure and disordered uncertainty to the Europe. A group of young artists decided to stay out of the wars, and express their boredom with traditional arts with a ridiculous artistic expression pattern. This movement was named "Dada". Dada, established in Zurich of Switzerland in 1916, was indeed closely related to wars, and it tended to be viewed as a kind of anti-war art formed in the unique environment of wars and violence. However, this statement which simply viewed Dada as "formed due to wars" was apparently insufficient and restricted. Dada is "a profound understanding towards the nature of life in an extremely desperate situation". After experiencing the life-and-death of wars and the rational struggle, Dada at last realizes that the world constructed by rational thoughts was originally a mirage and the real life itself was still completely a mixture of chaos and conflicts. Refusing accepting facts of life and pursuing for the unreachable ideal world could only make people feel drained by demands. Therefore, Dada denies all rational binary divisions, and does not advocate, insist on, and accept all oppositions and contradictions, but strive for returning to the original state of pure emptiness. The "emptiness" not only made Dada completely overturn the tradition, but also enabled the spirit to obtain the complete freedom. This kind of thought is much the same with the laying down obsession and returning to emptiness of oriental Zen. Therefore, this paper aims to analyze the Western cultural characteristics through Zen thoughts, and investigates the profound meaning behind the ironic and irrational behaviors expressed by Dada artists to further grasp the spiritual characteristics hidden in the ridiculous artistic expression patterns of Dada. Firstly, it investigates the "nature and crisis of western cultural awareness". Next, it analyzes the meanings and functions of wars to Dads through the perspective of Zen's Public Cases. Lastly, its proposes that the basic spirit of Dada is the "self-collapse and returning to emptiness" through the interpretation of Zen thoughts. I hope that the attitude of "refusing to advocate anything" of Dada could be deeply understood, and its artistic requirement of "returning to the nature of life" could be clearly grasped.
|關聯: ||嘉南學報(人文類) 35：p.496-508|
|Appears in Collections:||[嘉南學報] 35 期 (2009)|
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