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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.cnu.edu.tw/handle/310902800/22786


    標題: 用於平均海水面監測之 GPS浮標高程推求方法
    Height Determination of GPS Buoy for Monitoring of the Mean Sea Level
    作者: 徐博賢
    鄭凱謙
    曾清涼
    貢獻者: 應用空間資訊系
    關鍵字: 潮位站
    GPS連續追蹤站與潮位站共站
    橢球高
    浮標
    姿態角
    tide gauge
    TGGS station
    ellipsoid height
    buoy
    angular orientation
    日期: 2009
    上傳時間: 2010-09-10 09:09:05 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 在潮位站附近海水面上設置GPS浮標,持續量測海水面之變化,並與潮位站共構之GPS連續追蹤站,進行動態相對定位,可解算出GPS浮標瞬間位置,再擷取其橢球高,以時間序列繪製高程分佈圖,此曲線就代表海水面隨時間變化之瞬時位置。但因GPS浮標置於海面上,受波浪高低起伏影響,使其天線傾斜無法正確垂直,造成高程量測不正確,為避免本項誤差,本文將從GPS浮標之設計、姿態測定原理、改正公式之推導,到實地測量實驗,進行深入之探討。結果證實,若將天線設置於GPS浮標表面之幾何重心,在天線高儘量減小之情況下,只要將觀測所得之高程取其平均值即可,無須為測定其姿態而大費周章的設置三個天線,計算其姿態,再進行姿態改正。
    To establish GPS buoy above the surface near Tide Gauge for continuously monitoring sea level change and dealing with the dynamic relative positioning of the GPS tracking station integrated with the Tide Gauge, the jnstantaneous position of GPS buoy can be solved. Then based on ellipsoid height of each point and time series, the curve of height distribution is drawn. The curve can represent the instantaneous position of`the sea surface.However,when the GPS buoy drifts on the surface ofthe sea, the antenna of GPS cannot continuously perpendicular to the buoy due to up and down of the wave. It causes the enor of ellipsoid height measured hom the GPS receiver. To avoid the error, this article will discuss the design of GPS buoy, the principle of buoy altitude measurement, the derivative of conection formula and the test of field survey. It is proved that ifthe antenna is set up at the geometry center ofthe GPS buoy surface and the antenna height is as short as possible (only antenna Is prefened, not tripod), the accuracy of mean value of ellipsoid height obtained hom the solution of instantaneous position is enough. It is not necessary to establish three GPS antenna for determining the angular orientation of the GPS buoy.
    關聯: 嘉南學報(科技類) 35:p.253-262
    Appears in Collections:[嘉南學報] 35 期 (2009)
    [應用空間資訊系(所)] 期刊論文

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