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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.cnu.edu.tw/handle/310902800/22770

    標題: 地下水中二價鐵錳離子氧化與過濾行為之研究
    The Study of Oxidation and Filtration Behavior of Iron(II) and Manganese(II) Ions in Groundwater
    作者: 陳淑娟
    貢獻者: 環境工程與科學系 

    日期: 2009
    上傳時間: 2010-09-10
    摘要: 地下水中含有鐵、錳這二項物質是非常普遍的,鐵、錳在淨水程序上若未能完善處理,於配水系統中會造戊微生物的滋長與生物膜的形成,使管線阻塞,此外鐵、錳亦會消耗水中的餘氯降低殺菌力,將於供水時引起細菌的再污染與色度、臭味等問題產生。鐵、錳在飲用水水質標準中的規定值分別為0.30與0.05 mg/L以下。本研究以次氯酸鈉(NaOCI)、高錳酸鉀(KMn04) 、綜合氧化液(MIOX)作為氧化劑,針對含鐵、錳原水,於不同操作條件下進行氧化試驗,再以0.45μm的薄膜過濾並搭配SEM/EDS觀察鐵、錳氧化物與組成份。研究結果發現鐵、錳相較之下,鐵的氧化比較容易,反觀錳的氧化不易,受到pH值影響為最大, pH 8.0以上對於錳的氧化有正面效果,當鐵、錳共存於原水時,錳的去除效率高過於原水中單獨錳時,推測鐵、錳共存於原水時,鐵、錳產生共沉降與吸附氧化現象來達到錳的去除。使用KMn04為氧化劑時,過高的加藥量會導致錳的殘餘濃度增加,以MIOX作為氧化劑時,劑量5 mg/L 、 pH值在7.0~9.0,反應時間需達到30分鐘以上,才能讓鐵、錳達到法規標準之要求。在SEM/EDS觀濬紙上的沉澱物中發現,薄膜表面錳氧化物的組成比例有增加之趨勢,表示氧化效果越佳,此結果也可由殘餘錳濃度相互印證。
    It is a common phenomenon that the existence of iron and manganese in groundwater for drinking water treatment.The iron and manganese will reduce disinfectant such as chlorine in water, therefore, the bacteria and biofilm will regrow in the water distribution pipe system if the iron and manganese were not treated properly in water treatment plant. As concentration of Fe and Mn in water are excess, the water becomes red-brown, and probably blockade water pipes in water supply system. In order to avoid these problems, the standards of drinking water quality in Taiwan are extremely strict, Fe is less than 0.3 mg/L and Mn is less than 0.05 mg/ L.In this study, NaOCI, KMnO4 and MIOX were used to perform oxidation test under different operating conditions for two different iron and manganese concentrations source water. The oxidation sample was filtrated with 0.45 μm membrane and permeate was measured. Solid on the membrane from the iron and manganese oxidation was analyzed with SEM/EDS. The results show that iron oxidation reaction is faster than manganese. The oxidation of manganese is strongly conelated with pH. When pH value is higher than 8, the oxidation of manganese showed the positive effect.The manganese filtration removal efficiency is higher with the existence of iron than only manganese in the source water. It is estimated that iron and manganese co-precipitation to enhance remove manganese ion in water. KMnO4 overdosing would cause higher residual concentration of manganese. For the MIOX oxidation test, the optimal dosage is 5 mg/L, pH from 7 to 9. However, the require reaction time for MIOX needs more than 30 minutes to oxidize the iron and manganese. Solid on the membrane from the iron and manganese oxides was analyzed with SEM/EDS.The results showed increased manganese solids composition percentage with higher iron and manganese oxidation efficiency. The results show higher oxidation efficiency could be proved by the lower residual manganese concentration in Water.
    關聯: 嘉南學報(科技類) 35:p.39-49
    Appears in Collections:[嘉南學報] 35 期 (2009)
    [環境工程與科學系(所)] 期刊論文

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