本文旨在研究孔子正名思想如何影響中國人的性格與政治文化。第一章緒論，說明正名思想與派深斯結構功能論之間關係。第二章正名思想之分析，闡釋正名的意義、法則、實踐及目的。藉以分析正名影響的層面，包括政治、社會、文化，以及國民的性格、思想、生活方式等。第三章正名思想的三個政治面相，對正統思想、權威取向及君子政治，藉由派深斯的結構功能論加以說明。第四章結論，提出孔子正名思想的缺失，以及改進之道，期能開展中國人的民主性格，邁向民主政治。 This study is to reveal how Confuscious's rectification-names thought attects the disposition and the political culture of the Chinese people. The introduction, the first charpter, represents the relationship between rectification-names thought and T. Parsons' structural-functional theory.The second charpter forcuses on the analysis of rectification-names thought, which illuminates the meaning, rule, practice and purpose of rectification-names thought affects, including politics,society, culture, the national disposition, thoughts, life style, etc. In the third charpter, the writer points out three political aspects. T. Parsons' structural-functional theory is applied to discuss or thodox thoughts, authority indination and gentlemen's politics. In the fourth charpter, the conclusion, indicates the defects of Confuscious's rectification-names thought as well as the ways reaching improvement. It is hoped that this study is helpful In developing the Chinese democratic dlsposition and the democratic politics is repeted.