本文旨在探討《呂氏春秋》中人才管理思想，以「垂拱無為而治」為目標，「貴公」與「任用賢人」為思想，從而提出身為君主的治國之術需要正名審分、德義與賞罰並行。君主必須懂得設官分職，將人才放置在適當的位置上，以禮待之；再依其職位之所司，考核其於政務上之作為，以循名責實的方式督導官吏。君主必須有清淨無為的為政態度，信任臣下不越權攬事，以達成君臣互信互賴的良好共事模式。最後整理出其對人才管理的五大策略：(一)以禮待之；(二)出於公心、以專任之；(三)勿以全舉人，當量材用；(四)正名審分；(五)德義與賞罰並行。藉由此探析希望可以提供未來對人才管理的參考與啟示。 This paper aims to explore LU-SHI-CHUN-GIU’s thought of manpower resources management. We probe the goal, which is “those who on top have to trust their subordinates and be in a role of subsidiary”. The thought of manpower resources management is “eliminating selfishness and appointing the person of virtue”. Based on this idea, the monarch and his subordinates are able to work out a better method of running state business. We synthesize manpower resources management into five major tactics: (1)Treat employees with respects; (2)Discarding the personal prejudice and choosing suitable talents for right positions; (3)Not using the persons in every way, but for being just appropriate; (4 Different talents are assigned in proper duties; (5)Moral integrity and justice are rendered as well as award and punishment. This analysis hopes to offer reference and enlightenment of manpower resources management in the future.