性，而使用最多之橡膠地磚其吸收衝擊性能卻普遍不足；因此我國亟需制訂鋪面吸收衝擊能力之檢測標準，以督促廠商設計安全之鋪面及提供使用業主選購之依據。 Slides and climbers are the most popular equipment on the playground. However, falls from playground equipment are the most common cause of accidents on the playground. To prevent falls by children, all probable danger factors should be eliminated during equipment setup. We studied 30 playgrounds at kindergartens in Tainan city to investigate the safety of slides and climbers. The surveyed parameters for each piece of equipment included areas where falls could occur, maximum fall height, use zone and protective surfacing. The results showed that in 93% of slides, the distance between the exit area of chute and protective surfacing was less than 22 cm. This could increase the difficulties in balance and smooth transition from sitting to standing. In 73% of slides, the proportion of exit region and slide chute length was less than 0.2. This could increase the incidence of impact between child and surface. Eighty-seven percent of slides had dangerous spaces or gaps between the platform and the start of the slide chute. A protective barrier to safeguard the area where the child gets into a sitting position should be required to decrease the risk of falls. Sixty seven percent of slides had a maximum fall height which exceeded the criterion (180cm) of Chinese National Standard 12642, and 44% of the use zone of both slides and climbers was less than the minimum criterion (150 cm). Half of the playgrounds had improper surfacing materials under and around the equipment. This could increase the incidence of head injuries and other accidents. Rubber tile was the most common protective surfacing, however, it has insufficient impact-absorbing capability to prevent head injuries. A test code for assessment of the shock-absorbing capability of surfacing is required in Taiwan to promote installation and purchase of safe surfacing materials.