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    標題: 溫泉資源永續利用前瞻性技術研究(II)
    Preliminary Technical Research of Sustainble Application of Hot Spring Resource (II)
    作者: 李孫榮
    余光昌
    貢獻者: 台灣溫泉研究發展中心
    經濟部水利署
    關鍵字: 溫泉計量
    溫泉檢測
    溫泉貯存設備
    日期: 2005
    上傳時間: 2008-11-23 15:32:28 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 本計畫今年依據第一年建立之相關作業規範,著手編製「溫泉檢測技術與設備手冊」與「溫泉計量技術與設備手冊」。「溫泉檢測技術與設備手冊」其內容包括溫泉源頭採樣、現場檢測、溫泉水中總溶解性固體檢測及溫泉水中各離子等之檢測方法,以為日後相關檢測單位之遵循依據。而「溫泉計量技術與設備手冊」的內容則包含溫泉量測設備選擇與裝設之原則,可提供縣市政府、溫泉取供業者進行裝設溫泉計量設備之技術指引。本計畫並依據「溫泉露頭流量計量與引水設施規劃準則」所列四種溫泉露頭位置,(1)河床或溪谷旁;(2)岩盤或岩壁;(3)沖積層或崩積層;(4)海域、海岸,藉由工程規劃觀點,研究引水及計量設備之適當配置規劃,並對其不同露頭之地理差異,提出配置時所應注意之事項,以提供往後相關單位於配置時之參考依據。而針對國內溫泉計量設備嚴重結垢之情形,研究報告中建議水量計應設置於溫泉源頭與儲槽間的封閉管路之中,減少因壓力突減與地面水混入而導致結垢。另外計畫之中配合國內外案例分析以及相關法規與規範之研究,完成溫泉貯存設備相關法規與技術規範評估分析,並依其與成本效益分析之結果,建立溫泉貯存設備與技術之規範;並再依照溫泉泉質特性,對特定溫泉泉質(高腐蝕性酸性泉及泥漿泉)溫泉區適用之貯存設備提出建議參考方案。最後,本計畫之研究之相關溫泉資源資訊,採用ISO-13250主題地圖(Topic Maps)的觀念,以相關溫泉主題為知識管理的基本單位,規劃溫泉資源知識庫架構,並藉由關聯的連結,組織大量各型的溫泉資訊資源建置成一個溫泉知識庫,本知識庫即建立了73個相互關聯的資料表,其資料的內容包括溫泉檢測的項目及方法、步驟流程及適用性、檢測技術的標準與作業規範、檢測設備的規格與適用準則、溫泉水質分析資料及溫泉地區相關資料等等資訊。
    This research follows our previous works and has completed two technical guidelines regarding the analysis procedures and flow measurements for hot springs. The guideline for hot spring water analysis includes chapters of sampling procedures, field measurements, and standard processes for water analysis of hot springs. In order to fulfill WRA?HHH?HHHs requirement to obligate hot spring water owners to have flow meters installed, this study also developed the flow meter selection guide for future references to hot spring water suppliers, and suggested that prior to obligating flow meter installation the regulations regarding management of hot spring owners must be finalized. The guideline for flow measurements of hot spring emphasizes how to select a proper flow measurement device and to calibrate the measurements. Besides the technical guidelines, in this research we also reviewed the outcrop conditions of hot springs and proposed several principles for outcrop preservation when one should develop the hot spring resources for direct use. The principles include flow rate measurement and flow channeling facility at the following four different types of hot spring emersions: (1) river bottoms or banks, (2) laccoliths or palisades, (3) alluviums or colluviums, (4) sea or seashore. A survey of hot spring storage technologies was performed as well in this research. Several types of insulation and storage tanks were analyzed for a better energy saving efficiency. Finally, it was to establish the knowledge database of hot spring resources relevant to this project using the concept of topic maps of ISO-13250. This database includes a total of 73 correlated data tables, including analytical methods and water quality data, and provides open access to the public.
    關聯: 計畫編號:MOEAWRA0940212
    Appears in Collections:[台灣溫泉研究發展中心] 其他研究計畫

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