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    Title: 感潮人工濕地之水力特性、植物組成及污染物降解研究
    Hydraulic Characteristics, Aquatic Composition and Pollutant Degradation of Tidal Freshwater Constructed Wetland
    Authors: 黃士哲
    Shi-che Huang
    Contributors: 林健榮
    錢紀銘
    嘉南藥理科技大學:環境工程與科學系碩士班
    Keywords: 感潮人工濕地
    水力特性
    植物組成
    污染物降解
    Tidal Freshwater Constructed Wetland
    Aquatic Composition
    Hydraulic Characteristics
    Pollutant Degradation
    Date: 2005
    Issue Date: 2008-10-31 16:15:56 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本研究主要探討感潮水域人工溼地於海水入侵後,其污染物降解去除受鹽度效應之影響,為能瞭解不同鹽度條件下,其降解效能之變化,本研究同時操作鹽度為0.5%、1.0%、2.0%之人工溼地系統,另有淡水之對照組系統,而每組系統均包括表面流動式溼地與潛流式溼地,其中分別植栽香蒲與蘆葦。本研究之污染物類型主要溶解性之有機污染物,含氮污染物與含磷污染物。
    為能確切整體掌握人工溼地之特性,各系統於啟動前即進行空槽水力特性測試,其結果顯示亦因入流水溫溫差造成FWS單元呈完全混合狀態,有效體積比高達0.99,而於起動8個月之測試結果可之植栽密度上升會造成e值降至0.56~0.66,完全混合流特性降低。本研究於各人工溼地系統特性穩定後,於起動8個月將含鹽污水導入系統,於含鹽2%之系統,其香蒲2週內立即有炮徽{象,其後蘆葦亦發生類似現象,其它含鹽系統之反應則較為平緩,植栽死亡數量亦較少。經分析C、N、H、S、Cl含量發現植栽根部之硫及氯含量會大幅增加,進而造成植物之泵滿C
    BOD5之去除率於鹽水入侵後,2%鹽度系統即大幅下降,僅為對照組之24.6%,至於B、C系統亦會下降,惟期過程較為緩慢,約5~7週可降至最低,其後BOD5去除率可漸與對照組相仿。至於其反應速率常數K20則顯示皆有下降趨勢。另者,就氨氮與硝酸鹽氮之去除率並未明顯受鹽度影響,僅發現於SSF單元之K20隨鹽度增加而降低。至於含磷污染物之降解並未受溫度變化之影響,僅受鹽度影響而導致去除率下降。
    This research mainly investigated the degradation characteristics of the tidal freshwater constructed wetland. In order to understand the change of degradation efficacy in different conditions of salinity, this research was operated by the artificial wetland systems of 0.5%、1.0% and 2.0% in salinity at the same time and has a control system of fresh water. Every group system included a surface-flow wetland and a subsurface-flow wetland which planted separately of the cattail and reed. The types of pollutant in this research are mainly dissolvent pollutants of organics、nitrogen and phosphorus.
    In order to precisely understand the characteristic of the whole constructed wetland, each system carries on a hydraulic characteristics test before starting. The results show that the difference in temperature of in flows causes the FWS unit presented a completely mixed state, and the effective volume ratio is up to 0.99. The constructed wetland that had been operated for 8 months represented the rise in the density of plant and could cause effective volume ratio dropped to 0.56~0.66. The characteristic of completely mixed state reduced. After the systematic characteristic of every artificial wetland was steady in this research;The inflow sewage was spiked with sodium chloride to simulate the saline environment. On the system, of 2% salinity the cattail had withered within two weeks, thereafter the reed also showed a similar phenomenon. But, the response of the other salt systems was comparatively gentle and less in quantity in death of plant. Through analyzing the content of C , N , H , S , Cl of these deathful plant, it was found that the sulphur and the chlorine of the root increased largely, and then caused the death of the plant.
    The rate of degradation of BOD5 in the system of 2.0% salinity became decreased largely after beening invaded by the salt water. It was only 24.6% of the control group. Also drop as for B and C system, only the course was comparatively slow. It dropped to the lowest about 5-7 weeks. Thereafter the degradation rate became the control group. It shows that all there is a downward trend as for its K20. In addition, the degradation rate of the ammonia nitrogen and nitrate had not been obviously influenced by salinity the K20 of SSF unit increased as the salinity reduced. The degradation of pollutant contained the phosphorus had not influenced by temperature change. It only leaded the degradation rate dropped by salinity effect.
    Appears in Collections:[Dept. of Environmental Engineering and Science (including master's program)] Dissertations and Theses

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