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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.cnu.edu.tw/handle/310902800/503

    標題: 道教行氣術析論
    作者: 孫嘉鴻
    貢獻者: 文化事業發展系
    關鍵字: 道家
    日期: 2006
    上傳時間: 2008-05-19 13:16:41 (UTC+8)
    出版者: 台南縣:嘉南藥理科技大學文化事業發展系
    摘要: 「行氣導引」,原是先秦神仙家修煉方術之一,自古即被視為長生成仙的重要手段。所謂「行氣」,即是以口鼻通過呼吸天地之氣,以調節體能和神經系統;技術上,它結合了吐納、調息、胎息等呼吸功法。在古代「導引」常與「行氣」相提並論,兩者同為中國古代獨特的,以呼吸運動為主的健身兼治病的養生方法。古人認為:「人在氣中,氣在人中,自天地至於萬物無不須氣以生者也。」人的生命須靠氣來維特,人體外的氣,是呼吸之氣,而人身中有真氣,真氣在人身中要循經絡運行,養生家在行氣時以意領氣,順其自然地控制真氣的運行,因而行氣的技術也逐漸被開發出來。而行氣的目的則是希望能達到「正體端形,心意專一,固守中外,上下俱閉,神周形骸,調暢四溢,修守關元,滿而足實,因之眾邪自出」。東漢以後,導引行氣術,被納入道教方術體系之中,成為道教修煉防病養生的重要手段;歷來養生家均極為推重,相關資料以道藏中氣功部分論述最詳。本論文嘗試分析討論:一、道教行氣術的起源二、行氣術的演變三行氣術的發展與運用四、行氣術的現代意義等幾項內容。
    The “Guiding Art of Chi-Touring” was primarily one of the magical skills trained by the school of magicians and alchemists in pre-Chin Dynasty era. The so-called “guiding art” refers to the inhalation of the Chi of heaven and earth through one’s mouth and nostrils to make adjustment on one’s physical strength and nerval system. Technically, it is a combination of breathing methods, such as the inhalation and exhalation, the breathe-adjustment, and fetus breathe, etc. In ancient China, the “Guiding Art” is often mentioned together with “Chi-Touring,” both are unique life- nurturing methods that focus on the breathing movement for the purposes of strengthening the body and curing the illnesses in ancient China. The ancestors believed that “The Man is in within the Chi, and the Chi is within the Man. All the reatures of heaven and earth depend on Chi for survival.” The life of human being is sustained by Chi, the Chi outside of the human body is called the air for breathing. Within the human body, however, there exists the real Chi which travels along the nerval meridian. Life-nurturing masters guided the Chi with their will when they performed the guiding art, and ontrolled the touring of the real Chi with the natural course; therein, the techniques of Chi-touring were then gradually developed. The purposes for Chi-touring, though, are the wish to achieve the status of “straightening the body and the form, concentrating one’s mind on one thing only, guarding the inside and outside of the body well, closing up both the upper and lower virtual openings, guiding the chi around our body with our will, making comfort flourish the all around one’s body, cultivating and guarding one’s spirit, feeling fulfilled and satisfied, and thereby automatically expelling all the evils.” After the Eastern Han Dynasty, the guiding art of Chi-touring was incorporated into the system of magical skills of Taoism and has become an important means in Taoism for the purposes of skill-training, illness-prevention and life-nurturing. Throughout the history, life-nurturing masters laid great emphasis on the art. The most detailed discourses were found in the field of Chi-kung in Taoist collection of literature. In this essay, I tried to conduct an analytical discussion on: (1) The origin of the Chi-Guiding in Taoism (2) The transformation of Chi-Guiding (3) The Development and Application of Chi-Touring (4) The Modern Significance of Chi-Touring, etc.
    關聯: 計畫編號 : CNCW9503
    Appears in Collections:[文化事業發展系] 校內計畫

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