Chia Nan University of Pharmacy & Science Institutional Repository:Item 310902800/32195
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    標題: Application of visible light on copper-doped titanium dioxide catalyzing degradation of chlorophenols
    作者: Lin, Justin Chun-Te
    Sopajaree, Khajornsak
    Jitjanesuwan, Thidarat
    Lu, Ming-Chun
    貢獻者: Feng Chia Univ, Dept Environm Engn & Sci
    Chiang Mai Univ, Dept Environm Engn
    Chia Nan Univ Pharm & Sci, Dept Environm Resources Management
    關鍵字: TiO2
    2-Chlorophenol
    Visible light active photocatalyst
    Characterizations
    Design of experiments
    日期: 2018-01-31
    上傳時間: 2019-11-15 15:44:44 (UTC+8)
    出版者: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
    摘要: Chlorophenols are extensively used in the anthroposphere, and their fates in the atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere and lithosphere and their degradations under natural light of great interests. The homogeneous photocatalytic degradation of 2-chlorophenol (2-CP) in titanium dioxide suspensions containing copper ions or/and sulfates has been well examined. In this study, TiO2 is directly doped with copper sulfate by a sol-gel method to promote its visible light activity (VLA) following a post-calcination step. The effects of three parameters of synthesis (calcination temperature, amounts of dopant and nitric acid) on 2-CP degradations were experimentally investigated using a three-factor, two-level factorial design in the first stage. Catalysts of the most significant synthetic parameters were further synthesized at five calcined temperatures and characterized in the second stage. 2-CP was completely removed using catalysts that were doped 0.21 mol.% CuSO4 with 0.1 vol.% nitric acid and then calcined at 300 degrees C for 6 h. Morphological variations with doping amount are observed from scanning electron micrographs. XRD patterns demonstrated a transformation from amorphous to the anatase phase, with replacement of Ti4+ by Cu2+ in the crystal structure of TiO2. UV-visible light diffuse reflectance spectra of the doped catalysts exhibited red-shifts, revealing their VLA. Surface areas, measured by the BET method, decreased as the calcination temperatures increased, and the pore sizes increased. Moreover, effect of three operational parameters, including: (del) initial concentration of 2-CP, initial pH and the photocatalyst dosage, under visible-light irradiation were investigated to simulate the scenarios of degradation in the natural and artificial conditions. Optimal operational parameters were obtained at a catalyst dosage of 3 g.dm(-3), an initial 2-CP concentration of 20 ppm and a solution pH of 5.5. The pH(zpc) of the undoped and CuSO4-doped TiO2 were determined to be 3.5 and 3.84.
    link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.seppur.2017.09.027
    關聯: Separation and Purification Technology, v.191, pp.233-243
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