流量的測量法中，流速法準確性最低。三角堰法需做多次校正才能準確。容器法因操作簡單，準確性最高。因此寶泉橋露頭流量以容器法計算為53.96 CMD，即每日約有54噸的泉水流出。若每天流出54噸的泉水可帶出0.21~3.56噸的泥沙，則每年流失75~1301噸的泥沙。 The Guanziling hot spring is a famous and historic hot spring in the southern Taiwan. There are two hot spring outcrops—Baochuan Bridge and Acala Temple in Guanziling, Tainan. The two outcrops are the only sources for the hot spring water for the bathhouses in the Guanziling. The hot spring in the Acala Temple outcrop has dried up in 2017. The discharges of hot spring water had been studied by the velocity method. However, the data of the velocity method show a large variation and low accuracy. The purposes of this study is to monitor the discharge, water level, temperature and suspended load of hot spring water and discuss the correlations with rainfall in the Baochuan Bridge outcrop during 2017. Discharges of hot spring are measured by the volumetric method and V-notch method in this study.
The data of this study show a positive correlation between the water level of hot spring and the rainfall while the rainfalls are larger than 80 mm/d. however, the correlation is negative between the water temperature of hot spring and the rainfall. We suggest that the water level of hot spring is increasing because the rainfall increases the water volume in the outcrop which without a roof or shelf and decrease the temperature of hot spring with cooler rainwater.
The data of this study show a lower variation and higher accuracy by using the volumetric method than the velocity method. The discharges of the Baochuan Bridge hot spring outcrop are approximately 54 CMD by using the volumetric method. The suspended loads carried by the hot spring water are 0.21-3.56 m3/d, i.e. 75-1301 m3/y.