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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.cnu.edu.tw/handle/310902800/29687


    標題: Chemical Composition and Size-Fractionated Origins of Aerosols over a Remote Coastal Site in Southern Taiwan
    作者: Tsai, Ying I.
    Sopajaree, Khajornsak
    Kuo, Su-Ching
    Hsin, Ting-Yi
    貢獻者: 環境工程與科學系
    醫藥化學系
    嘉南藥理大學室內空氣品質研究服務中心
    關鍵字: Hengchun Peninsula
    Carboxylates
    Saccharides
    Biomass burning
    Cl-depletion
    日期: 2015-12
    上傳時間: 2016-04-19 19:04:38 (UTC+8)
    出版者: Taiwan Assoc Aerosol Res-Taar
    摘要: In spring 2013 air samples were collected from a coastal site in the sparsely populated far south-west of Taiwan and analysed for ambient gases, inorganic salts, carboxylates, and saccharides. Concentration of ambient gases was in the order SO2 > HCl > HNO3 > NH3 > HNO2. Day-night variation in concentrations indicated that photochemical conversion of HNO2 to HNO3 occurs during the day. PM2.5 (16.16 +/- 5.30 mu g m(-3)) accounted for 61.1% of PM10 mass concentrations. The main inorganic salts were SO42-, NH4+, Na+, NO3-, and Cl-, collectively accounting for 48.8 +/- 27.4% of the PM2.5. Cl-depletion during the day was higher than during the night due to the presence of reactive photochemical products. The average Cl-depletion of PM2.5 (53.1%) was markedly higher than that of PM2.5-10 (26.0%), indicating that in PM2.5, a high amount of Cl-reacts with acidic gases to form HCl, which then escapes into the atmosphere. The carboxylate concentration in PM2.5 was 0.50 +/- 0.24 mu g m(-3). It was found that low-molecular-weight carboxylates formed more readily in the open coastal region than in urban regions of southern Taiwan. Additionally, the daily mean ratio of Oxalate/non-seasalt SO42- (6.15 +/- 2.28%) in the coastal region was higher than that in the urban regions in southern Taiwan. The most prevalent saccharide in PM2.5 was myo-inosital (333 +/- 300 mu g m(-3)), a type of soil fungus metabolite. Emissions of arabitol and mannitol, emitted through lichen and fungal activity, were markedly higher during the day. Only a trace amount (8.92 +/- 16.92 mu g m(-3)) of Levoglucosan (Levo), an indicator of biomass burning, was detected. The mean Levo/organic carbon ratio was 5.04 +/- 8.72%, suggesting that biomass burning contributed slightly to aerosols in the study area. An analysis of air mass backward trajectories showed that the products of biomass burning in Southeast Asia and southern China may be transported to the study area through long-range transport. This effect is more noticeable during the day when onshore breezes support the transport of particles sourced from the west of Taiwan.
    Appears in Collections:[醫藥化學系 ] 期刊論文
    [環境工程與科學系(所)] 期刊論文

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