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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.cnu.edu.tw/handle/310902800/28722

    標題: Thermal hazard evaluation of tert-butyl hydroperoxide mixed with four acids using calorimetric approaches
    作者: Chou, Hung-Cheng
    Chen, Nan-Chi
    Hsu, Shu-Ting
    Wang, Chih-Hsing
    Wu, Sheng-Hung
    Wen, I-Jyh
    Shen, Sun-Ju
    Shu, Chi-Min
    貢獻者: 應用空間資訊系
    關鍵字: DSC
    tert-Butyl hydroperoxide (TBHP)
    Thermal hazard
    Thermokinetic parameters
    Vent sizing package 2 (VSP2)
    日期: 2014-08
    上傳時間: 2015-05-06 21:26:27 (UTC+8)
    出版者: Springer
    摘要: Possessing thermal instability inherently, organic peroxides have caused many severe accidents in chemical industries all over the world. tert-Butyl hydroperoxide (TBHP) is usually used as initiator or oxidant because of its strong oxidizing ability in the chemical process. In this study, the thermal hazard analysis of TBHP mixed with various acids was investigated. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and vent sizing package 2 were used to figure out the thermal runaway behaviors of TBHP. Thermokinetic parameters, such as exothermic onset temperature (T (0)), maximum temperature (T (max)), and enthalpy (Delta H), were obtained from thermal curves. In addition, the activation energy (E (a)) and rate constant (k) were calculated by the Arrhenius equation. Therefore, the T (0) was determined to be 91.6 A degrees C for exothermic reaction using DSC under 4 A degrees C min(-1) of heating rate. The E (a) for exothermic reaction was calculated to be 92.38 kJ mol(-1) by DSC in this study. As far as loss prevention is concerned, thermokinetic parameters are crucial to the relevant processes in the chemical industries, particularly under process upsets.
    關聯: Journal of thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, v.117 n.2, pp.851-855
    Appears in Collections:[應用空間資訊系(所)] 期刊論文

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