Chia Nan University of Pharmacy & Science Institutional Repository:Item 310902800/28202
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    Title: 廢輪胎熱裂解油以快速混合輔助氧化脫硫系統資源化再利用之研究
    The Study of High-Speed Mixing Assisted Oxidative Desulfurization Process on the Utilization of Pyrolysis Oil from Waste Tires
    Authors: 萬孟瑋
    Contributors: 嘉南藥理科技大學環境工程與科學系(所)
    Keywords: 異極酸催化劑
    廢輪胎熱裂解油
    氧化脫硫
    連續式脫硫模組
    經濟效益分析
    Polyoxometallate
    Pyrolysis Oil
    Oxidative Desulfurization
    Continues Desulfurization Module
    Cost–Benefit Analysis
    Date: 2012
    Issue Date: 2014-10-20 21:49:38 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 石化能源因過度使用已造成其資源逐年枯竭,許多先進國家利用廢棄物資源再生方式產生替代性能源;而廢輪胎熱裂解油中含有之長鏈碳有機化合物極適合作為燃料使用,但因含高濃度之有機硫成分,於燃燒過程容易產生SO2的排放,形成對環境的汙染及人體之危害。因此,本研究針對不同異極酸催化劑及介面活性劑(四基磷鹽),輔以高速攪拌能量進行廢輪胎熱裂解油中有機硫氧化之最佳化試驗。 本計畫預計以三年為期程,階段性計劃分別為:(1)建立此氧化系統對於指標有機硫之最佳化操作參數,並確立其反應機制及理論模式;(2)建立此氧化系統結合吸附劑脫碸方式針對高硫油品之最佳操作條件,並驗證各類催化劑及吸附劑之再生效益;(3)建立一組24公升/小時處理量之廢輪胎熱裂解油氧化脫硫處理模組,完成脫硫反應槽之設計與建置,驗證脫硫後油品之主要成分,並依據法規規定分析油品品質及其最燃料油之可行性;最後,利用經濟效益模式,分析連此續流式氧化脫硫模組實廠運行之經濟利益及對環境之影響。
    In response to the resulting exhaustion of fossil fuel energy, many countries around the world are devoting their efforts in investigating waste energy recovery and reuse technology, including oil recovery from the pyrolysis process of waste tires. Therefore, this study combines the knowledge of transition metals catalysis, phase transfer catalysis and high speed mixing energy to propose a High-Speed Mixing assisted Oxidative Desulfurization (HSM-OD) process applied to sulfur reduction from diesel oil and the pyrolysis oil recovered from waste tires, where the efficiency of HSM-OD technology are also examined. This project is based on the ideal of wasted tires recycle and reuse as new energy, which is base on different research objects in three years. In the first year, the aim of the research focuses on the optimization of various conditions for organic sulfur compounds removal under HSM-OD technology, including polyoxometallate concentration, phase transfer agent amount, and acceleration from high speed mixing power. In the second year, different oils are executed under the optimal desulfurization conditions combined with solid adsorption, where the best desulfurization efficiency for pyrolysis oil is carefully examined. In the third year, the continue HSM-OD is designed under the treatment capacity of 24L/hour, where the optimal desulfurization conditions are also examined. Finally, a cost-benefit analysis (CBA) is used to directly measure the overall relationship between the benefits and the costs, and the distribution of those benefits and costs that is commonly implemented in units of money. This study is also a comprehensive economic analysis to support decision-making system. Finally, this project will achieve the goal of pyrolysis oil reuse under high-speed mixing oxidative system combined with solid adsorption to ensure the sustainable development of energy resource.
    Appears in Collections:[Dept. of Environmental Engineering and Science (including master's program)] NSC Project

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