Androgen-related diseases impair the well-being of many aging men. Unfortunately, the medications used to treat these diseases have many side effects. Therefore, there is a significant need for the development of novel drugs to treat androgen. related diseases. In this study, we investigated the effects of Monascus cursory extraction (M-CE) on androgen-related diseases, including androgenetic alopecia (AGA), benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and prostate cancer. We found that M-CE suppressed baldness in male B6CBAF1/j mice. Furthermore, M-CE decreased PSA levels, indicating a protective effect of M-CE on testosterone-induced hyperplasia. M-CE also significantly decreased tumor volume and tumor incidence in an N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU)/testosterone-induced rat prostate cancer model and markedly decreased dihydrotestosterone (DHT) but not testosterone. Additionally, PCNA expression was decreased in the prostate of rats treated with M-CE. These results suggest that M-CE could be a new potential therapeutic candidate for the treatment of androgen-related diseases.