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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.cnu.edu.tw/handle/310902800/27646


    標題: Calorimetric studies and lessons on fires and explosions of a chemical plant producing CHP and DCPO
    作者: Hsu, Jing-Ming
    Su, Mao-Sheng
    Huang, Chiao-Ying
    Duh, Yih-Shing
    貢獻者: 職業安全衛生系
    關鍵字: Organic Peroxide
    Chemical Incident
    Thermal Runaway
    Risk Assessment
    Emergency Relief System
    日期: 2012-05-30
    上傳時間: 2014-03-21 16:16:21 (UTC+8)
    出版者: Elsevier Science Bv
    摘要: Cumene hydroperoxide (CHP) has been used in producing phenol, dicumyl peroxide (DCPO) and as an initiator for synthesizing acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) resin by copolymerization in Taiwan. Four incidents of fire and explosion induced by thermal runaway reactions were occurred in a same plant producing CHP, DCPO and bis-(tert-butylperoxy isopropyl) benzene peroxide (BIBP). The fourth fire and explosion occurred in the CHP reactor that resulted in a catastrophic damage in reaction region and even spread throughout storage area. Descriptions on the occurrences of these incidents were assessed by the features of processes, reaction schemes and unexpected side reactions. Calorimetric data on thermokinetics and pressure were used for explaining the practical consequences or which the worst cases encountered in this kind of plant. Acceptable risk associated with emergency relief system design is vital for a plant producing organic peroxide. These basic data for designing an inherently safer plant can be conducted from adiabatic calorimetry. An encouraging deduction has been drawn here, these incidents may be avoided by the implementation of API RP 520, API RP 521, DIERS technology, OSHA 1910.119 and AlChE's CCPS recommended PSM elements. Crown Copyright (C) 2012 Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
    Appears in Collections:[職業安全衛生系(含防災所)] 期刊論文

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