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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.cnu.edu.tw/handle/310902800/27633


    標題: In vitro susceptibilities of non-Enterobacteriaceae isolates from patients with intra-abdominal infections in the Asia-Pacific region from 2003 to 2010: results from the Study for Monitoring Antimicrobial Resistance Trends (SMART)
    作者: Liu, Yuag-Meng
    Chen, Yao-Shen
    Toh, Han-Siong
    Huang, Chi-Chang
    Lee, Yu-Lin
    Ho, Cheng-Mao
    Lu, Po-Liang
    Ko, Wen-Chien
    Chen, Yen-Hsu
    Wang, Jen-Hsien
    Tang, Hung-Jen
    Yu, Kwok-Woon
    Liu, Yung-Ching
    Chuang, Yin-Ching
    Xu, Yingchun
    Ni, Yuxing
    Liu, Chun-Eng
    Hsueh, Po-Ren
    貢獻者: 保健營養系
    關鍵字: Intra-Abdominal Infections
    Antimicrobial Susceptibility
    Non-Enterobacteriaceae Gram-Negative Bacilli
    Pseudomonas Aeruginosa
    Acinetobacter Baumannii
    Smart
    日期: 2012-06
    上傳時間: 2014-03-21 16:15:55 (UTC+8)
    出版者: Elsevier Science Bv
    摘要: The Study for Monitoring Antimicrobial Resistance Trends (SMART) is an international surveillance study designed to monitor resistance trends among aerobic and facultative Gram-negative bacilli (GNB) isolated from intra-abdominal infections. During 2003-2010, a total of 20710 GNB isolates were collected at medical centers in China, Hong Kong, Korea, New Zealand, and Taiwan. The susceptibility profiles of 2252 isolates of non-Enterobacteriaceae GNB were determined. At least 10 isolates of a given organism were required for that organism to be included in the analysis. Pseudomonas aeruginosa was the leading organism (49.2% of non-Enterobacteriaceae GNB), followed by Acinetobacter baumannii (21.5%), Aeromonas spp. (11.6%), and Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (9.1%). All the other species/genera made up less than 2%. The rates of susceptibility of the four major organisms were examined for two different time periods and according to whether the isolates had been obtained <48 h after hospitalization or >= 48 h after hospital admission. P. aeruginosa, Aeromonas spp., and S. maltophilia showed sustained levels of susceptibility to several antimicrobial agents in the two time periods, whereas A. baumannii exhibited very high rates of resistance to most antimicrobial agents including imipenem. Nosocomial P. aeruginosa and A. baumannii were more resistant than community-acquired pathogens, although this was not the case for Aeromonas spp. and S. maltophilia. Worldwide and regional surveillance is necessary to guide empirical antimicrobial therapy for infections due to non-Enterobacteriaceae GNB. (C) 2012 Elsevier B. V. and the International Society of Chemotherapy. All rights reserved.
    Appears in Collections:[保健營養系(所) ] 期刊論文

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