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    標題: 薰衣草精油及甜柑橘精油與音樂療法對人體之紓壓成效
    The Releasing Stress Effect of Lavender and Sweet Orange Essential Oil and Music Therapy on Human Body
    作者: 程馨慧
    貢獻者: 休閒保健管理系暨休閒事業管理研究所
    黃戊田
    關鍵字: 壓力
    芳香療法
    薰衣草精油
    甜柑橘精油
    音樂療法
    Stress
    Aromatherapy
    Lavender essential oil
    Sweet Orange essential oil
    Music therapy
    日期: 2013
    上傳時間: 2014-03-11 13:53:41 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 本研究主要探討薰衣草精油與甜柑橘精油搭配瑞典式按摩及音樂療法對於紓解壓力之成效。針對薰衣草與甜柑橘精油與音樂療法作用在人體上,探討其對人體之放鬆成效,並觀察其是否具有加乘作用。本研究以收縮壓、舒張壓、心跳速率、體表溫度及壓力指數為紓壓指標,實驗前先利用生理監測儀測量受測者的生理參數,如收縮壓、舒張壓、心跳速率及體表溫度,並利用心率變異(hear rate variety, HRV)分析儀測量受測者的壓力指數及心率變異參數,如總功率、低頻功率、高頻功率,常規化低頻功率、常規化高頻功率及低/高頻功率比。實驗分別以10%薰衣草精油、10%甜柑橘精油及複方精油5%薰衣草精油加5%甜柑橘精油搭配瑞典式按摩,並以靜躺為控制組,經過50分鐘後的瑞典式按摩後,再測量壓力指數、生理參數及心率變異參數。本研究實驗數據以單因子變異數分析(one way analysis of variance, one way ANOVA)比較10%薰衣草精油、10%甜柑橘精油及5%薰衣草精油加5%甜柑橘精油實驗前後生理參數與控制組之差異。另外,以t-test比較複方精油5%薰衣草精油加5%甜柑橘精油和10%薰衣草精油或10%甜柑橘精油,實驗前後生理參數及心率變異參數之差異,以了解複方精油是否有加乘效果。經實驗結果顯示,無論單方精油或複方精油與控制組比較後,其對生理參數,如收縮壓、舒張壓、心跳速率、體表溫度及壓力指數與心率變異參數,如總功率、低頻功率、高頻功率、常規化低頻功率、常規化高頻功率及低/高頻功率比皆有顯著的差異;而複方精油和單方精油比較,在收縮壓及壓力指數上有顯著差異,代表複方精油在收縮壓及壓力指數有加乘作用。同樣地,以音樂療法、芳香療法和芳香療法加音樂療法和靜躺比較,結果顯示音樂療法、芳香療法和芳香療法加音樂療法在收縮壓、心跳速率及壓力指數較靜躺有顯著下降;在心率變異參數方面,常規化高頻有上升,而常規化低頻及低/高頻功率比,則實驗組都較控制組有顯著之下降。另外,分別以3%薰衣草或3%甜柑橘精油和3%薰衣草精油加音樂相比,皆無顯著差異,代表音樂療法和芳香療法一起作用,對於紓壓效果,並無加乘作用。本研究是首度證實薰衣草精油及甜柑橘精油搭配瑞典式按摩與音樂療法,可能是透過降低交感神經活性及提高副交感神經的活性,而來減少受測者之壓力指數、收縮壓、舒張壓、心跳速率,而達到放鬆紓壓的效果。
    The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of Lavender and Sweet Orange essential oil on releasing stress by using aromatherapy massage and music therapy. Furthermore, to observe if the blended essential oil has synergistic effect. The research objects were Chia Nan University of Pharmacy & Science students and used systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, heart rate, body temperature, and pressure index as pressure indicators. Before the experiment, to measure the subject's physiological parameters such as systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, heart rate and body temperature by the physiological monitor and using HRV analyzer to measure the subject's pressure index and heart rate variability parameters, such as total power, low frequency power, high-frequency power, normalized low-frequency power, normalized high-frequency power and low / high-frequency power ratio. The objects are divided into control group and experimental groups of Lavender essential oil (10%),Sweet Orange essential oil (10%) and the blended essential oil(5% Lavender plus 5% Sweet Orange essential oil) collocating Swedish Massage. After massage for 50 minutes, to measure the objects’ physiological parameters and heart rate variability parameters again. One Way analysis of variance is used to compare the differences of physiological parameters between pretest and posttest in the groups of Lavender essential oil (10%), Sweet Orange essential oil (10%), 5% Lavender essential oil plus 5% Sweet Orange essential oil and the control group. In addition, t-test is used to compare 5% Lavender essential oil plus 5% Sweet Orange essential oil with Lavender essential oil (10%) or Sweet Orange essential oil (10%). Thus, the differences of physiological parameters and heart rate variability parameters between pretest and posttest can be observed if the blended essential oil has synergistic effect. The experimental results show that no matter using single essential oil or blended essential oil to compare with control group, there are obvious differences in physiological parameters such as systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, heart rate, skin temperature and PSI, and heart rate variability parameters such as total power, low-frequency power, high-frequency power, normalized low-frequency power, normalized high-frequency power and low / high frequency power ratio; however, comparing the blended essential oil with single essential oil, there is a good synergistic effect in systolic blood pressure and PSI. Similarly, to compare music therapy, aromatherapy and aromatherapy plus music therapy with the control group, the results show that there is a significantly decreasing in systolic blood pressure, heart rate and pressure index of experimental groups. About heart rate variability parameters, high frequency power is increasing but there is an obvious decreasing in the low frequency power and low / high-frequency power ratio of experimental groups when comparing with the control group. On the other hand, using the group of Lavender essential oil (3%) or Sweet Orange essential oil (3%) to compare the group of Lavender essential oil (3%) combine music, there’s no any obvious differences. It means that there’s no synergistic effect for releasing stress when music therapy and aromatherapy act together. This study is the first confirmed that Swedish Massage with Lavender and Sweet Orange essential oil may act through decreasing sympathetic activity and increasing parasympathetic activity to reduce the objects’ PSI, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, heart rate and increase skin temperature. For this reason, it can cause a relief of depression in humans.
    關聯: 電子全文公開日期:20150725,學年度:101,127頁
    Appears in Collections:[休閒保健管理系(所)] 博碩士論文

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