專區計畫的參考。本研究係以PubMed、Medline、Elsevier SDOL、及ProQuest Nursing and Allied Health
Source 等資料庫進行搜尋，主要以1980 年至今以英文發表之研究報告為分析對象，並以「dementia 」、
「small unit」、「homelike environment」等關鍵字，針對篇名與摘要進行搜尋，最後在限制研究區域、照
關計畫的參考。 The purpose of this study was to explore the developmental emphasis of dementia care unit in European countries, and to sort out the small and homelike environmental feature of dementia care units as a reference for improve the program of the special care units program of our country in the future. This article was searched for references with various electronic databases, including PubMed, Medline, Elsevier SDOL, and ProQuest Nursing and Allied Health Source. English publications from 1980 until 2010 were included in the review. Search terms included dementia, small unit, homelike environments et al. Articles were screened for relevance based on title and abstract and restrictions the prerequisite to the research region, care unit feature, and home for life concept for the screening. Of which 30 were included in the final selection of publications. This article was analyzed with the environmental feature of dementia care unit setting, homelike social care environment, residents’ characteristics and costs. It also showed the appropriate staff training and education is essential and would be helpful in keep the homelike Atmosphere within the care environment. The Analysis of the national environmental characteristics of European would contribute to future improvement of dementia special care unit program in our country.