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    標題: 小規模家樣型失智症特別照護單位之環境特色—以歐洲國家經驗為例
    Environmental characters of small and homelike special care unit for dementia:the experience of European countries.
    作者: 郭姵伶
    曾淑芬
    陳惠芳
    顏童文
    李宗潔
    貢獻者: 嘉南藥理科技大學老人服務事業管理系
    財團法人樹河社會福利基金會附設悠然山莊安養中心
    嘉南藥理科技大學醫務管理系
    關鍵字: 小規模
    家樣
    照護環境
    失智症
    特別照護單位
    small scale
    homelike
    care environment
    dementia
    special care unit
    日期: 2012-12
    上傳時間: 2013-08-14 10:41:47 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 為能更了解歐洲國家目前發展小規模家樣型照護單位的經驗,並參考其發展重點,本文將藉由文獻
    回顧方式,整理出歐洲國家在小型家樣式失智症照護單位的環境特色,以作為我國未來改進失智症照護
    專區計畫的參考。本研究係以PubMed、Medline、Elsevier SDOL、及ProQuest Nursing and Allied Health
    Source 等資料庫進行搜尋,主要以1980 年至今以英文發表之研究報告為分析對象,並以「dementia 」、
    「small unit」、「homelike environment」等關鍵字,針對篇名與摘要進行搜尋,最後在限制研究區域、照
    護單位特性及家庭式生活環境理念等條件下篩選出大約30 篇研究報告進入分析。本研究文獻整理主要分
    析失智症照護單位設置、家樣式社會照護環境、失智症住民特性、及照護單位營運成本等環境特色,從
    歐洲的實施經驗也顯示照護單位給予照顧人員的關懷與培訓是不可少的,以確保照護環境能維持像”家”
    一樣的生活環境氣氛,本文所分析各國在小規模家樣形的照護環境特色,將有助於我國未來檢討改進相
    關計畫的參考。
    The purpose of this study was to explore the developmental emphasis of dementia care unit in European countries, and to sort out the small and homelike environmental feature of dementia care units as a reference for improve the program of the special care units program of our country in the future. This article was searched for references with various electronic databases, including PubMed, Medline, Elsevier SDOL, and ProQuest Nursing and Allied Health Source. English publications from 1980 until 2010 were included in the review. Search terms included dementia, small unit, homelike environments et al. Articles were screened for relevance based on title and abstract and restrictions the prerequisite to the research region, care unit feature, and home for life concept for the screening. Of which 30 were included in the final selection of publications. This article was analyzed with the environmental feature of dementia care unit setting, homelike social care environment, residents’ characteristics and costs. It also showed the appropriate staff training and education is essential and would be helpful in keep the homelike Atmosphere within the care environment. The Analysis of the national environmental characteristics of European would contribute to future improvement of dementia special care unit program in our country.
    關聯: 嘉南學報(人文類) 38期:p.647-658
    Appears in Collections:[嘉南學報] 38 期 (2012)
    [老人服務事業管理系] 期刊論文
    [醫務管理系(所)] 期刊論文

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