|摘要: ||住宿學校的辦學方式在國外流行已久，除教學目的外，更可培養學生獨立生活、充實自我的機會。臺灣雖早有住宿學校，但並不普遍，故本計畫主要探討普遍實施住宿學校的可行性，並期待能以住宿學校辦學之優點，替臺灣的教育塑造更有競爭力的環境，以因應時代變遷。本研究考量社會觀點，將避免帶給台灣本地學校競爭的壓力，目的不是在建立一個類似於現有的菁英學校，而是創新式地提出不一樣的教育模式，以因應現有體系將要面臨的各種挑戰。 針對本計畫的目的，首先將收集現今重要的國際住宿學校(含歐、美、澳和東南亞等地區國家)之歷史背景和營運現況。搜尋相關計畫的資料後，再者是分析、討論和歸納其運作概況及描述各國住宿學校設置後帶來的效益，包括經濟面、政治面、教育成長面、文化衝擊面、環保面、人才養成面等並與台灣之環境和條件狀況。此外，探討來自國外各寄宿學校的實例及其設立模式，研究國際寄宿學校成功運作的要素及其設立位置選定的準則，並探究比較其特色進而分析台灣人力資源與地區差異，以歸納討論台灣推展國際住宿學校之可行性。經由深度訪談、實地訪查、焦點座談會等資料歸納整理，可將研究類別區分為國外及臺灣兩大部分，對國外的具體作法，如辦學理念、教育管理等資料先行整理，配合臺灣住宿學校的既有經驗，交叉比對差異性，並選取其中可供參考利用之具體作法，作為能否設立住宿之依據。針對臺灣部分尚可有區域性之差別分析，結合地方資源及特色，歸納出北、中、南、東部地區，除教育資源外，是否有當地特色可融入校園，加強學校與土地之連結，以期培養成更具地方特色的住宿學校，讓生活與知識充分結合，發揮住宿學校的最大優勢。|
The boarding school system of education has been popular overseas for many years. Apart from providing academic instruction, such schools offer opportunities for students to develop the ability to live independently, and enrich their lives. Although Taiwan has had boarding schools in the past, the practice has not become widespread; therefore this research sets out to investigate the feasibility of establishing boarding schools in Taiwan. Through this, we hope to help increase the competitiveness of Taiwan’s educational environment, and respond to changing social conditions. The aim of this study is not to create an establishment similar to Taiwan’s existing elite schools, and thus increase competitive pressure on such institutions, but to creatively propose a different educational model that will respond to the challenges faced by the current system. The first stage of the project will be to collect information about the historical background and operating conditions of reputable international boarding schools overseas (including those in Europe, the United States, Australia and Southeast Asia). After this, the data will be analyzed and discussed, and conclusions drawn about the operation of such schools. In particular, the research will attempt to identify potential economic, political, educational, cultural, environmental and human resource benefits such schools might bring to Taiwan. In addition, the project will investigate different modes of operation of boarding schools overseas, and attempt to identify the essential elements of successful schools, and the basis of selection of location. The similarities and differences between such schools and the Taiwanese situation will be explored. The project will gather and analyze data from in-depth interviews, field trips and focus-group discussions, focusing on two main categories: overseas and Taiwanese perspectives. Data concerning overseas modes of operation, such as educational philosophy and management approach, will be examined to discover which methods seem most appropriate to Taiwan, and serve as a basis for determining the feasibility of such a school here. From the Taiwanese perspective, the research will conduct an analysis of the suitability of different regions for the establishment of a boarding school, considering such factors as educational resources and regional characteristics, to consider the mutual benefits that can be derived from establishing a school in each region.