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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.cnu.edu.tw/handle/310902800/25225

    標題: Tocotrienols Inhibited Growth and Induced Apoptosis in Human HeLa Cells Through the Cell Cycle Signaling Pathway
    作者: Shu-Jing Wu
    Lean-Teik Ng
    貢獻者: 保健營養系
    日期: 2010-02
    上傳時間: 2012-05-21 16:30:04 (UTC+8)
    摘要: Tocotrienols of palm oil have been shown to possess potent neuroprotective, antioxidative, anticancer, and cholesterol-lowering activities. In this study, the authors examined the antiproliferative effects of α-, γ- and δ-tocotrienols (αT3, γT3, and δT3), and a-tocopherol (αT3) in human cervical carcinoma (HeLa) cells. Their mechanism(s) of action on cell cycle signaling pathway were also investigated. Results showed that the antiproliferative effect of αT3 (IC50: 3.19 ± 0.05 µM) and γT3 (IC50: 2.85 ± 0.07 µM) was more potent than δT3 (IC50: >100 µM) and αT3 (IC50: 69.46 ± 3.01 µM). Both αT3 and γT3 also demonstrated a dose-dependent and time-dependent induction of cell death. They caused cell cycle arrest at G2/M phase and triggered apoptosis as displayed by the externalization of annexin V–targeted phosphatidylserine and accumulation of sub-G1 peak. At a concentration of 3 µM, αT3 downregulated the expression of cyclin D3, p16, and CDK6, while having no effect on cyclin D1, p15, p21, p27, and CDK4 expression. However, γT3 showed no effect on these proteins.The induction of HeLa cell apoptosis by αT3 and γT3 appeared to be associated with the expression of IL-6, but not the other cytokines (IFN-g,IL-2,and IL-10). Taken together,the results suggest that αT3 and γT3 are more effective than δT3 and αT3 in inhibiting HeLa cell proliferation,and their mode of action could be through the upregulation of IL-6,and the downregulation of cyclin D3, p16, and CDK6 expression in the cell cycle signaling pathway.
    關聯: Integrative Cancer Therapies 9(1):p.66-72
    Appears in Collections:[保健營養系(所) ] 期刊論文

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