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    標題: 森林遊樂區能資源耗用調查分析之研究
    Research on the Analysis and Prediction of Resources Consumption for Forest Recreation Parks
    作者: 王仁俊
    鐘大歡
    戴文惠
    王宗彥
    駱菁菁
    貢獻者: 嘉南藥理科技大學觀光系
    關鍵字: 森林遊樂區
    用電預測
    用水預測
    低碳觀光
    Forest Recreation Parks
    Electricity Consumption Prediction
    Water Consumption Prediction
    Low-emission Tourism.
    日期: 2011.05.27
    上傳時間: 2011-09-15 16:48:09 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 本文著眼於森林遊樂區之用水及用電調查,按森林遊樂區標榜自然、生態、離塵等訴求環保體驗旅遊,其與一般觀光遊樂區標榜明亮整潔、遠離真實、如夢似幻的人工場景。二者的能資源消耗有著巨大的差異。本文得有效樣本20處,半數以上森林遊樂區地處中海拔山區,加上山泉水易取,在地理及氣候雙重優勢條件下,平均每位造訪遊客僅耗電1.5kWh,僅耗自來水7.75公升,本文更賡續針對用電及用水研擬預測方程式,在用電方面,共得26條複迴歸方程式,分別是預測園區總用電量13條複迴歸公式,其中1條全年總用電量預測程式及12條逐月之總用電量預測程式,調整後之R2值介於.876至.989;而在人均用電方面,本文亦創造13條迴歸公式,分別為1條預測全年平均之人均用電量公式及12條逐月之人均用電量預測公式,調整後之R2值介於.156至.710,顯著性均低於.05。而在用水方面,本文同以26條複迴歸方程式,其中13條預測總用水量,分別是1條預測園區全年之總用水量,其餘12條公式預測園區逐月之用水量;而另13條公式則是預測人均日用水量公式,各公式調整後之調整後之R2值介於.194至.762,多數顯著性均低於.05,證實公式群具有相當之信賴程度。
    台灣正起步推動低碳旅遊,2008年首由環保署結合觀光局,併推動環保旅館認證,此為觀光遊憩業針對環境友善的起點。森林遊樂區確實較其他性質的空間省水省電,除與其自然環境條件有關之外,另有其他節約措施值得觀光業參考,期本文能為低碳觀光略盡綿薄。
    This research intended to investigate the resources consumption of forest recreation parks. The parks aim to have tourists exposed to the nature, ecology and escape from the hustle and bustle of the city.
    In the cased of forest recreation parks, more than half of the 20 valid samples are located in mountain areas. With accessible spring water and cool weather, average electricity consumption/ per tourist is 1.5kWh; average tap water is 7.75 liter. In terms of electricity and water consumption prediction, 52 multiple regression models were established. Among them, 13 formulas were designed to predict total electricity consumption; 13 formulas were designed to predict the per capital electricity consumption;13 formulas were designed to predict the total tap water consumption; the other formulas were designed to predict the per capital tap water consumption. The adjusted R-square values are between .876 and .989, the significance are lower than .05. The above value proved that the formulas are reliable.
    Low-emission tourism arouses international concern little by little. Here in Taiwan, in 2008, it was motivated both by Environmental Protection Bureau and Tourism Bureau, which highlight green hotels. The electricity and water consumption are the basic concerns and the core of the evaluation of low-emission. They require complete and profound statistic research. This research, as well as other recreations, is intended to contribute to the development of low-emission tourism.
    Appears in Collections:[休閒暨健康管理學院] 2011年健康休閒國際研討會
    [觀光事業管理系(含溫泉所)] 會議論文

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