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Dietary Supplement Usage among 19~44 years Taiwanese in the period 2005~2008.
19-44 year old adults
Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan
|上傳時間: ||2010-12-30 09:48:19 (UTC+8)|
Data used in this study came from the 2005-2008 Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan. The total sample available for analysis of supplement use included 973 adults (485 men and 488 women) aged 19-44 years. Survey data were weighted to adjust for the survey design and to make the sample nationally representative. Statistical significance was set at p<0.05. Our results showed that 33.2% of Taiwanese adults aged 19-44 took supplements (26.6% of men and 40.0% of women). Women , first northern stratum , and those with perceived adequate financial resources, poorer self-rated health were more likely to take supplements. As the number of supplements taken increased, the number of people decreased. The majority of men took only one supplement. In contrast, the majority of women took two or more supplements. The most commonly taken supplement frequently is every day. The most commonly taken supplement by adults was multivitamins and minerals (35.8%), followed by vitamin B group (20.6%) and calcium (9.3%). Most people use supplements for preventing imbalanced nutrition and for a strong constitution. Relatives and friends were the most common information source for using a supplement. People with comorbidities were more likely to take supplements than people without any reported illnesses, supplement use was higher in those with cataracts, chronic bronchitis and renal disease. We found that in both men and women, nutrient intakes from supplements exceeded DRIs for vitamins A, D, E, B 1, B2, B6, B12, pantothenic acid and biotin. Compared to women, men were more likely to take excess iron. Women were more likely to take excess vitamin C and niacin. Our findings can be used in the development or modification of supplement management strategies and in promoting education aimed at facilitating the safe and healthy use of supplements in Taiwan.
|Appears in Collections:||[保健營養系(所) ] 博碩士論文|
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