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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.cnu.edu.tw/handle/310902800/23309


    標題: Inhibition of human prostate cancer cells proliferation by a selective alpha1-adrenoceptor antagonist labedipinedilol-A involves cell cycle arrest and apoptosis
    作者: Shu-Fen Liou
    Hung-Hong Lin
    Jyh-Chong Liang
    Ing-Jun Chen
    Jwu-Lai Yeh
    貢獻者: 藥學系
    關鍵字: α1-Adrenoceptor antagonist
    Prostate cancer
    Anti-proliferation
    Cell cycle
    Apoptosis
    日期: 2009-02
    上傳時間: 2010-12-29 15:05:19 (UTC+8)
    出版者: Elsevier
    摘要: In this research, we conducted an in vitro analysis to evaluate the prostate cancer cells response to labedipinedilol-A in order to determine the effect of this selective α1-adrenoceptor antagonist to suppress prostate cancer cell growth by affecting cell proliferation and apoptosis. Here, we report that treatment of androgen-sensitive (LNCaP) and androgen-insensitive (PC-3) prostate cancer cells with labedipinedilol-A inhibited cell proliferation in concentration-dependent and time-dependent manners. Moreover, norepinephrine-stimulated proliferation of both cell lines are markedly inhibited by labedipinedilol-A. The probable involvement of α1-adrenoceptors in this cellular response is suggested. Labedipinedilol-A-induced growth inhibition was associated with G0/G1 arrest, and G2/M arrest depending upon concentrations. Cell cycle blockade was associated with reduced amounts of cyclin D1/2, cyclin E, Cdk2, Cdk4, and Cdk6 and increased levels of the Cdk inhibitory proteins (Cip1/p21 and Kip1/p27). In addition, labedipinedilol-A also induced apoptosis in PC-3 cells, as determined by using Hoechst 33342 staining, DNA fragmentation, and Annexin V staining assay. Furthermore, labedipinedilol-A triggered the mitochondrial apoptotic pathway, as indicated by increasing the expression of Bax, but decreasing the level of Bcl-2, resulting in mitochondrial membrane potential loss, cytochrome c release, and activation of caspase-9 and -3. We further investigated the role of MAPK cascades in the anti-proliferative and apoptosis effects of labedipinedilol-A, and confirmed that labedipinedilol-A could activate JNK1/2 but not p38 in both cell lines. Unlike JNK1/2, however, labedipinedilol-A treatment resulted in down-regulation of phospho-ERK1/2 expression. We concluded that labedipinedilol-A possessed the growth-suppressive and apoptotic effects on LNCaP and PC-3 cells by its α1-adrenoceptor blockade, and the apoptotic effects of labedipinedilol-A primarily through caspases and MAPKs mediated pathways.
    Appears in Collections:[藥學系(所)] 期刊論文

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