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    標題: GPS反射訊號遙測應用於河川流速計算
    作者: 曾清凉
    陳柏帆
    江彥廷
    蔡金郎
    貢獻者: 空間科技研究中心
    國立成功大學地球科學系
    關鍵字: GPS反射訊號
    都卜勒頻移量
    河川水面流速
    Reflected GPS signal
    Doppler shift
    stream water surface velocity
    日期: 2007-10-11
    上傳時間: 2010-08-10 09:34:17 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 本研究將河水反射面假設為移動之表面;利用右旋GPS 訊號相位與經過水面流動所產生的左旋GPS 訊號相位觀測量之都卜勒頻移量(Doppler shift)與精確求解反射水面之位移量,並進行反射訊號都普卜頻率模式微分運算,進而求出河川流速之三個分量(νχ , νy, νz)。本實驗所採用特殊設計之右旋及左旋圓柱形極化天線,在同一時間接收直接從衛星發射的GPS 直接訊號與經過地表或河流水面反射之減弱的GPS 反射訊號,並能夠穩定地被接收與分析。如此便可得同一時間之直接及反射訊號觀測量與定位資料。本研究應用GPS 反射訊號之相位觀測量,並透過偵獲反射訊號過程加以比對直接訊號相位觀測量、訊號強度、時間修正延遲量、大氣修正延遲量之修改與設計後;求解相位觀測量整數未定值以及反射點位置與高程,並可進一步分析水流速度精確到0.1m~5.0m/sec 之範圍內。
    This paper is study and exploiting for three vectors of stream flow by assuming the reflected surface would be like as a moving surface and causing Doppler shift at reflected moving surface. The stream flow is developed and methodized by the three dimensional instantaneous movements of each reflected accuracy positions and the difference of Doppler shifts between the GPS reflected signals and direct signals per each satellite . In this paper, Authors designed RHCP’s antenna and three LHCP’s cylinder antennas for measurement at stream flow and water level . Both RHCP and LHCP antennas are employed so that direct and reflected signals can be acquired simultaneously. The study exploits the carrier phase of reflected signals and compared with that of direct signals. The high accuracy reflected position is depended by correcting the clock time delay and atmospheric delay using LAMBDA method for integer ambiguity solution, so the positions for each reflected point are accurately obtained. Analysis of the estimated velocity result, the accuracy can be in the range of 0.1m ~5.0m/ sec
    關聯: 2007年台灣地理資訊學會年會暨學術研討會,起迄日:2007/10/11~2007/10/12,地點:嘉南藥理科技大學
    顯示於類別:[空間科技資訊研究中心] 會議論文

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